The following content is all about Spanish Goat Breed Profile.
Introduction to Spanish Goat Breed
This goat breed is originated in Spain and popularly known as “scrub goat” or “brush goat”. The Spanish goats were brought by Spanish explorers to the United States of America and Mexico. The Spanish goats referred with different names in different regions. They are known as “wood” in Florida, “briar or brush” in South and North Carolina. They are best known as “hill” in the state of Virginia and “scrub” in Midwest Pennsylvania. Within this wonderful breed, there are many types of Spanish Goats. There are pure Spanish goat breeds as well as several crossbreeds available with other types like Angora and dairy goats. The Spanish goat is mainly reared for meat production apart from clearing bushes . These goats are also beneficial for clearing brush and other undesirable plants from pasture fields. In united states, Spanish goats were dominating especially in meat production, however, after 1980s, Boer goats became number one meat producers. The price of Spanish goat varies with many factors such as purebred, crossbreed age, male and female. A Spanish adult goat is sold up to $500 per head where a Spanish goat kids are sold up to $225. You can make decent profits with commercial Spanish goat farming.
Let us discuss about Spanish goat characteristics and it’s profile.
Performance and Characteristics of Spanish Goat Breed
The following are main characteristics of Spanish goat breed.
- The Spanish goats are hardy animals and can survive in any kind of agro-climatic conditions. They can easily adapt to any adverse conditions.
- Pure Spanish goat breeds have been crossbred with imported goat breeds for meat and cashmere production.
- The Spanish goat ears resemble the Nubian goat ears.
- The Spanish goats are medium to large animals.
- The Spanish goats are suitable for all climates and have excellent disease resistance.
- Most of the crossbred Spanish goats show a good hybrid vigor.
- The Spanish goats can breed out of season and it is considered as excellent range animal since it has small teats and udder.
- An adult Spanish male and female goat can weigh about 25 to 90 kg.
- The Spanish goat coat color can be with multiple colors.
- The Spanish goats require minimal management tasks.
- The Spanish goats are considered as low-input goats compared to other meat breeds. The Spanish goats are excellent meat producers under low feed and low management conditions.
- The male and female Spanish goats are horned, and usually, male goats have large and twisted horns.
- The Spanish goats have large ears. These ears are usually held horizontally and forward next to their head.
- The Spanish goats have straight or concave face with distinct ears.
The Spanish Goat Farming Tips for Beginners
If you want to raise Spanish goats on commercial scale for meat purpose, here are some tips for you.
- Prepare proper goat business plan based on your budget. This plan should be having all the details including purchase of animals to marketing of the goats.
- Decide whether you want to rear the goats in intensive (stall-fed) or semi-intensive or extensive system. It all depends on land/pasture availability.
- It is advised to buy minimum of 2 goats as these are social animals.
- You should check all local laws for licensing to set up a commercial Spanish goat farming.
- You should always select healthy breeding DOES and BUCKS from certified goat breeders. It is recommended to have veterinary doctor with you at the time of purchase so the healthy and good goats can be selected. How to select or buy a Goat? Read : Here.
- Before getting the Spanish goats to your farm, make sure they have secured house and good feed.
- For breeding purpose, you must ensure correct male, female ratio. Generally, 1 male goat is enough for 20 to 25 female Spanish goats .
- If you already have a herd in the house, don’t mix the newly bought Spanish goats with them. Observe them for a month and mix them with existing goats.
- When you purchase the goats , get all the records of vaccination and breed history. Any vaccinations should be carried out before entering into your farm.
- Build secured fence around the house as the goats can jump.
- For monitoring your goats, ensure the veterinary doctor visits your farm frequently.
- The goat house should be built in east-west direction so that it gets good cross- ventilation.
- Along with green fodder, concentrates and other minerals should be provided throughout the lifecycle of goats.
- For more profits in goat farming, it is better to prepare feed from green fodder crops. If you don’t have any farm land, then you can buy feed/fodder in the market.
- Remove any poisonous plants in and around the farm area.
- After some time, you will see that your goat herd keep growing as you can expect more than 1 goat kid in single delivery. If you have more male goats in the farm, just keep 1 male Spanish goat for every 20 to 25 female goats and remaining male Spanish goats should be castrated or sold.
- Keep the male goats and female goats separately in allocated pens of the house especially in night times. However, at the time of mating, you can leave them.
- You should monitor all the animals in the house for any abnormal behavior of goats such as fever, bloat, and discharges. Sick goats should be isolated from the group and should be treated on time.
- Feeding schedule should be followed very strictly in commercial Spanish goat farming. Green forage, concentrates and other mineral mixtures should be provided based on age and condition of goats. Goad kids require less feed when compared to adult goats, pregnant goats and lactating goats.
- Pregnant Spanish goats and lactating goats, and new born goat kids should be given more priority in terms of feed/fodder, and health care.
- You can utilize the Spanish goat manure in growing regular agriculture crops or green fodder crops.
- Make sure the goat house is cleaned on regular basis. Keep the floor dry and you can cover the floor with deep litter. You can distribute paddy husk (4 inches) on the floor to absorb any outputs from the goat. This can also work as good feed for fishes or can be used as a well-decomposed farm yard manure in organic farming.
- Seasonal vaccinations along with deworming should be provided to all the animals on the farm.
- In case of stall-fed Spanish goat farming or intensive farming model, you may need to provide coolers in extreme hot conditions and heaters in extreme cold conditions.
- Make sure that newly born Spanish goat kids have access to mothers milk (colostrum) for at least for 2 to 3 weeks. Thereafter after you can slowly start regular feeding in smaller quantities.
- In case of goat kids which are unable to drink milk from mother goats, bottle feeding with goat milk or cow milk can be provided. This can be done until they start feeding on pasture.
- Usually different ages of goats require additional supplemental feed and minerals along with regular feed. Talk to your veterinary doctor about feed ration and feeding schedule.
- It is important to decide at which age that you want your goats to be sold. Based on this, you can goat plan.
- Generally, goat farming is long-term business and it takes at least for 2 to 3 years for getting profits.
- Once you market the 1st batch of the goats, you need to plan in such a way that, the other batch will be ready in 3 to 4 months.
- sell off any non productive female goats, or weak goats. In case breeding goats replace them with healthy ones.
- For more profits, it is always recommended to sell slaughter houses, hotels, meat processing units, or any direct consumers.
- The bottom line is, any goat farming requires patience, dedication, and hard work in order to be successful in goat line of business.