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Goat Farming in Bihar Information: A Step-by-Step Guide for Profit Making

Goat farming is a growing industry in Bihar, with many farmers embracing it as a reliable source of income. Bihar’s favorable climatic conditions and abundant natural resources offer excellent potential for successful goat farming ventures.

Goat Farming in Bihar

Benefits of Goat Farming in Bihar

  • Goat farming in Bihar also presents a sustainable option to an eco-friendlier agriculture sector. With proper disease management and housing practices, goat farms can thrive while minimizing negative impacts on the environment.
  • Additionally, goat farming is a sustainable business as it has a shorter gestation period than other animals. This means that farmers can enjoy quick returns on their investment with more frequent breeding cycles leading to a steady income stream.
  • Furthermore, goat meat and milk are in high demand locally and globally, which translates into higher profits for the farmer. 

The Different Types of Goats in Bihar

  • In Bihar, goat farming is popular due to the high demand for meat and milk. There are different breeds of goats available in Bihar that you can choose from depending on your requirements and target market.
  • One of the most common goats in Bihar is the Black Bengal goat, known for its adaptability to harsh climate conditions.
  • Another breed commonly found in Bihar is the Barbari goat. This breed has a good weight gain rate. Additionally, Barbari goats are highly resistant to diseases.
  • The Sirohi goat is also popular in Bihar as it can survive well under hot weather conditions with its excellent feed conversion ratio. They have fast growth rates and produce good-quality meat, which makes them valuable for farmers looking into commercial ventures.
  • Jamnapari goats originated from Uttar Pradesh but are now widely bred across India, including parts of Bihar. 
  • Selecting the right type of goat depends on factors such as market demand, the cost-effectiveness of raising them based on location-specific climatic conditions, and other considerations when deciding on starting your farm or taking part in any goat farming schemes offered by state governments or private organizations.

Sustainable Goat Farming in Bihar

  • In Bihar, sustainable goat farming can be achieved by adopting eco-friendly practices that reduce environmental impact while at the same time improving productivity.
  • One way to achieve sustainability in goat farming is by using natural and organic feeds. This approach ensures that goats are healthy and helps prevent soil degradation caused by chemical fertilizers.
  • Another critical factor in achieving sustainable goat farming is disease prevention. Farmers must ensure their animals have access to clean water and shelter to reduce stress levels and susceptibility to illness.
  • Furthermore, proper waste management practices should be adopted for a clean environment. Goat manure can be used as fertilizer or sold as organic compost, reducing reliance on chemical fertilizers while generating income for farmers.

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Goat Breeds

Goat Farming Schemes Available in Bihar

  • Goat farming is a popular and profitable business in Bihar, India. The government has introduced various schemes and initiatives, such as the Bihar Bakri Palan Yojana, to encourage more people to engage in this industry.
  • This scheme provides financial assistance to eligible individuals who want to start goat farming businesses. The beneficiaries of this program can receive subsidies on loans for purchasing goats and other necessary equipment like sheds, fences, feeders, etc.
  • The Bihar Bakri Palan Yojana aims to empower farmers by providing them with better livelihood opportunities through goat rearing. This scheme aims to increase the production of meat and milk products while improving rural income levels.
  • The Bihar Bakri Palan Yojana presents an excellent opportunity for aspiring goat farmers in Bihar who lack sufficient capital or resources needed to start up their farms. With proper planning and good management practices, they can benefit from this initiative’s financial support while contributing positively towards local economies and food security.

Requirements to Start Goat Farming in Bihar

  • It would help to have adequate land for housing goats and growing fodder crops. The land required will depend on the size of your herd, but generally, you should aim for at least 1 acre per 10-15 goats.
  • You need to invest in high-quality breeding stock that is healthy and disease-free. You can purchase goats from local breeders or markets. However, it’s important to check their health records and ensure they’re not carriers of any contagious diseases.
  • You’ll need to construct a sturdy shelter that protects from harsh weather conditions like extreme heat or cold temperatures.
  • Investing in good quality feed and supplements is another crucial requirement for running a profitable goat farming venture in Bihar. Fodder can be grown directly on your farm or sourced from nearby suppliers.

Steps to Start Goat Farming in Bihar

  1. You want to decide on the goat type you want to raise. Consider the market demand for different breeds such as Black Bengal, Barbari, Sirohi, or Jamnapari goats.
  2. Then, select an appropriate location for your goat farm. Ensure the land is fertile with access to clean water sources and good drainage systems.
  3. Create a business plan outlining your budget, including expenses such as purchasing goats and equipment like feeding troughs and housing structures.
  4. Provide adequate nutrition for your goats by feeding them a balanced diet of green fodder, concentrate feed, and mineral supplements. This helps maintain their overall health and productivity.
  5. Ensure you know about goat farming techniques, including breeding practices, vaccination schedules, and general health management.
  6. Practice good hygiene by regularly cleaning the goat sheds and keeping them dry. This prevents the spread of diseases among the animals.
  7. Please seek advice from experienced farmers or veterinarians whenever necessary, as they can offer valuable insights into managing a successful goat farm in Bihar.
  8. Consider marketing strategies before setting up by contacting potential buyers or processing companies. Marketing strategy, including advertising methods like social media platforms or local fairs where you can sell directly to customers. Additionally, factor in the cost of transportation if necessary.

Disease Management for Goat Farming in Bihar

  • Keeping your goats healthy is essential to the success of your goat farming business. One way to ensure their health is through proper disease management.
  • Prevention is always better than cure, so creating a biosecurity plan in consultation with a veterinarian is crucial. This includes proper sanitation and hygiene practices, quarantine procedures for new animals, and watching any signs of illness among your herd.
  • Regular check-ups by a vet are also necessary to catch potential illnesses early before they become widespread in your herd. It’s important not to self-diagnose or treat without consulting an expert, as this can lead to further complications.
  • Vaccinations should be given according to recommendations from veterinarians based on the area you live in and the type of diseases prevalent there. Keep accurate records of all treatments, including vaccinations, deworming, and medication administration.
  • Proper nutrition is also vital for maintaining good health among your goats. Ensure they have access to high-quality feed and clean water that meets their nutritional needs.

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Goat Fencing


Goat farming has become popular in Bihar due to its numerous advantages. Goats are easy to rear and require minimal feeding costs compared to other livestock. It is an attractive option for small-scale farmers looking for low-cost investment opportunities.


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