How to Raise Nigerian Dwarf Goats: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

Nigerian Dwarf Goats are miniature dairy goats originating from West Africa. They are known for their small size, friendly personality, and high milk production. Nigerian Dwarf goats are quickly becoming popular for those interested in raising miniature dairy goats. So, let’s check out How to raise Nigerian dwarf goats in detail below.

How to Raise Nigerian Dwarf Goats

Characteristics of Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  • They are easy to handle, making them an excellent option for children or older individuals who cannot manage larger animals. Their compact size makes housing and fencing requirements less expensive than larger goat breeds.
  • Another benefit of raising Nigerian Dwarf goats is their milk production. Despite being smaller, they produce a significant amount of high-quality milk. This makes them ideal for farmers starting small-scale dairy operations on limited land.
  • Furthermore, Nigerian Dwarf goats have gentle personalities, making them perfect pets and livestock.

Building Housing and Fencing for Your Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  • Your goat enclosure should be secure enough to keep predators out but still allow plenty of fresh air and light to come in.
  • The enclosure size will depend on how many goats you plan on raising. You should have at least 10-15 square feet per goat if they spend most of their time inside the enclosure. You can reduce this space requirement if they can access pasture during the day.
  • Ensure your fence is strong enough to withstand predators such as coyotes or dogs attempting to break through it. Barbed wire or electric fences are often used for this purpose.
  • Your goat housing should be sturdy and well-built, with good ventilation and drainage systems. 
  • Provide plenty of bedding materials such as straw or wood shavings inside the housing area so that your goats stay comfortable all year round.

Nigerian Dwarf Goat Appearance

  • These cute and friendly creatures have become popular for those who want to raise them for milk production and as pets. Their charming appearance and gregarious nature make them an excellent addition to any farm or backyard.
  • Nigerian Dwarf goats are hardy animals that can thrive in almost any climate. They are adaptable to hot and cold weather conditions, making them ideal companions for farmers in various regions.
  • Nigerian Dwarf goats typically weigh around 75 pounds when they reach adulthood. This makes them easier to handle compared to other larger breeds of goats. Their smaller size means they require less space than other types of livestock.

Feeding Tips for Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  • It is crucial to their overall health and productivity. A well-balanced diet will ensure that your goats can produce high-quality milk, have strong immune systems, and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Hay is an essential component of their diet. High-quality grass hay should always be available for them to nibble on throughout the day. Alfalfa hay can also be offered in moderation as it contains higher protein and calcium levels.
  • Aside from hay, grains such as corn, oats, or barley can be provided in small amounts to supplement their diet.
  • It’s important to note that treats like fruits and vegetables should only be given occasionally since excess sugar intake may cause digestive issues for goats.
  • Water is another critical element in keeping your Nigerian dwarf goat healthy and clean fresh water must always be made available for them at all times.
  • Providing your Nigerian Dwarf Goat with a balanced diet consisting of hay alongside some supplements like grains ensures good health and productivity while avoiding overfeeding, which could lead to obesity-related problems.

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Nigerian Dwarf Goat

Health Care for Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  • Nigerian Dwarf goats can be susceptible to various health issues. However, with proper care and attention, many of these issues can be prevented or easily treated. Raising Nigerian Dwarf goats is a wonderful hobby for beginners looking to get into animal husbandry or those who want small dairy animals on their property.
  • Health care is essential for goat-raising, as with any animal husbandry practice. Regular health check-ups with a veterinarian are recommended to keep your herd healthy. Maintaining clean living conditions for your goats and providing them with an appropriate diet is also important.
  • Common diseases that may affect Nigerian Dwarf goats include parasites such as worms or external pests like lice or mites, but these issues can typically be prevented through proper hygiene practices and regular deworming treatments.
  • One common issue among goats is parasites. Several internal and external parasites can affect Nigerian Dwarf goats, such as worms, ticks, and lice. To prevent this, keep their living environment clean and dry.
  • Another potential health issue for Nigerian Dwarf goats is respiratory infections. This can occur if the goat’s housing isn’t well-ventilated or exposed to other sick animals. To prevent this from happening, ensure adequate ventilation in the barn or shelter where your goats live. It’s important to monitor their diet closely by avoiding feeding them too much grain or alfalfa hay with high calcium levels.
  • It’s crucial to watch for signs of illness in your Nigerian Dwarf goat, including loss of appetite, lethargy, and changes in behavior or appearance like coughing fits and diarrhea.

General Tips for Raising Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  • Ensure that your Nigerian Dwarf goats have access to clean water. They should also have access to good-quality hay or pasture for grazing throughout the day.
  • Keeping their living space clean and dry is important by regularly removing droppings. You should also provide them with a well-ventilated shelter that protects them from harsh weather conditions.
  • When feeding your Nigerian Dwarf Goats, avoid giving them food that has mold or has been contaminated in any way, as this can lead to serious health problems. Always make sure they have enough food available for their size and weight.
  • To prevent overcrowding in the enclosure, limit the number of goats per square foot space depending on their size. This helps reduce stress levels which can cause health issues such as decreased milk production or even death.

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How to Raise Nigerian Dwarf Goats

  1. Raising Nigerian Dwarf goats can be a rewarding experience for beginners. These wonderful creatures are known for their high milk production and friendly personalities, making them perfect farm animals or house pets.
  2. It is important to provide them with proper housing and fencing. They need enough space to roam around and play while feeling secure and safe. Building a sturdy fence is also essential in keeping predators out of your goat’s area.
  3. Make sure they have access to clean water at all times. Their diet should consist of good-quality hay and grains like oats or barley. 
  4. Regular check-ups from a veterinarian are crucial for maintaining the well-being of your Nigerian Dwarf goats. Parasite control is also an important aspect that needs attention since these little guys are more susceptible to parasites than other breeds.
Nigerian Dwarf Goat Breed


Nigerian Dwarf Goats are a versatile breed that can be raised for commercial purposes or as beloved family pets. Building suitable housing and fencing, providing proper nutrition and healthcare, and being aware of common health issues are all important steps in ensuring the well-being of your goats.



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