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Goat Farming in Rajasthan: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

Goat farming in Rajasthan has become increasingly popular in recent years. Goat farming is an excellent way to earn a sustainable income in Rajasthan. Goats can also graze on small patches of land, making them ideal for small-scale farmers with limited resources.

Goat Farming in Rajasthan

Decide What Type of Goat to Raise in Rajasthan

  • Marwari goats are the most popular breed in Rajasthan due to their adaptability and disease resistance. These goats can survive on minimal feed and water, which makes them easy to maintain.
  • Sirohi goats are another popular breed known for their hardiness and high milk production. They have short hair with black or brown spots. 
  • Barbari goats are small but have excellent meat quality, making them ideal for commercial breeding. They require less space than other breeds but still need proper care to maintain their health.
  • Jamnapari is one of India’s largest breeds of goats. They produce high-quality milk making them profitable as dairy animals.
  • Beetal Goats are well-known for their rapid growth rate and excellent meat quality; these features make Beetal Goats particularly attractive if your goal is meat production.
  • Jhakrana is another indigenous Indian Breed maintained by farmers over generations due to its resilience & disease-resistant capabilities.

Buy the Necessary Equipment to Start Goat Farming in Rajasthan

  • You’ll need to invest in good quality fencing. This will help keep your goats safe from predators and prevent them from wandering too far. You can select different types of fencing, including electric fencing or traditional wooden or wire fencing.
  • Next, you’ll need feeding troughs and water containers. These should be sturdy enough to withstand constant use by hungry and thirsty goats. Consider investing in automatic water dispensers or other feeding systems if you have a large herd.
  • You’ll also need grooming supplies like brushes, combs, and hoof trimmers to keep your goats clean and healthy. Additionally, it’s important to have a sheltered area where they can rest during extreme weather conditions.

Housing Requirement for Goat Farming in Rajasthan

  • Providing proper housing for your goats is an essential aspect of goat farming in Rajasthan. It protects them from harsh weather conditions and ensures their health and well-being.
  • The shelter should have enough ventilation and natural light. You can install windows or vents on walls that face away from prevailing winds.
  • The flooring of the shelter must be smooth and easy to clean as it will make cleaning manure much easier. Concrete floors are ideal because they are durable, moisture-resistant, and easy to clean with disinfectants.
  • Ensure that there is proper fencing around the housing area, as it will keep predators out while protecting your herd inside their designated spaces.

Feeding Management for Goat Farming in Rajasthan

  • Goats need fresh water available at all times. They also require high-quality hay or pasture grasses as their primary food source. Additionally, you may supplement their diets with grains such as corn or oats, depending on the breed and age of your goats.
  • It is important to note that overfeeding the goat can lead to obesity and health problems in goats. 
  • You should also consider adding mineral supplements to their diet, especially if they don’t have access to adequate grazing pastures. This will help ensure they receive all necessary vitamins and minerals for optimal growth.
  • Feeding plays a significant role in goat farming success. Providing high-quality feed sources and proper supplementation ensures good health and increased productivity within your herd while mitigating unwanted health issues caused by poor nutrition.

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Rajasthan Goat Farming

Steps to Start Goat Farming in Rajasthan

  1. Starting a goat farm in Rajasthan can be an exciting and profitable venture. Research the different types of goats suitable for your chosen location in Rajasthan. Different breeds have varying requirements and adaptability factors. Selecting a goat breed that suits your climate and environment is important.
  2. Next, you’ll need to make a business plan that outlines your goals, budget, marketing strategy, target market, and other essential aspects of your goat farming operation. 
  3. Once you’ve outlined your plan, purchase all necessary equipment, such as feeding troughs and water bowls. Also, build or construct adequate housing facilities for the goats, protecting them from harsh weather conditions like extreme heat during summers or cold winters.
  4. Contact the local authorities in your region to determine what licenses or permits may be required for starting a goat farm.
  5. Your goat farm yields good productivity once established properly with adequate animal housing facilities, proper feeding schedules followed by regular health check-ups, and cleanliness maintained.
  6. Finally, source healthy breeding stock from reputable sources. Please ensure they are disease-free before adding them to the herd.

Goat Farming Loans and Subsidies in Rajasthan

  • Goat farming is rapidly gaining popularity in Rajasthan due to its numerous benefits. However, starting a goat farm requires significant investment and capital. To help farmers overcome this financial challenge, the government of Rajasthan provides various loans and subsidies for goat farming.
  • The State Bank of India offers collateral-free loans up to Rs. 50 lakhs for commercial goat farming units in Rajasthan with an annual interest rate ranging from 7.75%-8%. The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) also provides financial assistance through Goat Rearing Scheme, Livestock Venture Capital Fund, etc.
  • Apart from loan facilities, the state government also offers subsidies on equipment purchases like chaff cutters or other fodder-related items necessary for goat rearing. These subsidies reduce the cost of setting up a profitable business venture.
  • These loan facilities and attractive subsidies make it easier for aspiring entrepreneurs to start their commercial goat farms in Rajasthan without worrying about initial investments financially.

Goat Raising Care

  • Goats need proper attention and care to thrive and produce high-quality milk or meat.
  • One of the most important aspects of goat farming is providing adequate housing for your animals. 
  • Feeding goat with a balanced diet is also essential. They require hay, grains, minerals, and freshwater daily. Ensuring their food is stored properly in a dry area is important.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups are necessary to prevent diseases from spreading throughout your herd. Vaccinations should be given according to a schedule set by your vet.
  • Taking good care of your goats will lead to healthy animals producing quality products such as milk or meat, which can increase profits in the long run while ensuring animal welfare standards are met on the farm.

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Goat Farm Fencing


Goat farming is animal husbandry where goats are raised for their milk, meat, and fiber. Goat farming is popular in Rajasthan because goats are hard animals that can survive in harsh weather conditions and require minimal care.


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