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Cashmere Goat Profile.
Cashmere Goat Profile.

Cashmere Goat Characterstics, Facts, Profile

Introduction to Cashmere Goat Breed:

This breed Cashmere goat originates in the Himalayan region of the Kashmir State. These are commercially raised for its wool. The quality and the quantity of the wool of this sheep breed is absolutely profitable returns. These are one of the largest producers of wool all over the world. In the past, these goats are one of the highly populated goats in China. There were about 123 million goats in China. This Cashmere goat is as similar to the Angora Goat Breed, Nigora Goat Breed, and Pygora Goat Breed.  The word Cashmere is determined from the previous name of the Kashmir State.

Types of Cashmere Goat Breed:

  1. Zhongwei Cashmere Goat:
  • This breed is originated in the semi-desert and the desert area of Zhongwei which is located in Gansu and Ningxia in China.
  • These are famous for its kid fur and wool Cashmere production.
  • The average production of this breed does is 218 grams.
  1. Wuzhumuqin Cashmere Goat:

  • These are mainly found in the inner Mongolian region and also this breed is mainly disturbed in Xilingele Meng.
  1. Zalaa Jinst White Cashmere Goat:

  • These are found in the southwest region of the Gobi desert.
  • They can adapt well to the Gobi desert nomadic herding.
  • The male weight of this breed is 380 grams.
  • The female weight of this breed is 290 grams.
  • The yield of the fiber which is acquired from the breed is 16.0 – 16.5 microns.
  1. Australian Cashmere Goat:
  • These are most popular in the northern and westerns parts of Australia.
  • The production of the goats will vary for every herd to herd.
  • The average yield of the wool is 250 grams.
  1. Hexi Cashmere Goat:

  • These are popularly found in desert and semi-desert regions like Gansu Province, China.
  • This goat is white in color.
  • Hexi Cashmere goats are mostly found in Ningxia, Qinghai, and Gansu.
  1. Changthangi Cashmere Goat:

  • These types of goat are mostly found in the Tibet, Myanmar, Bhutan, Ladakh, China, and Nepal.
  • The diameter of the fiber will be 12 – 13 µm and the length of the fiber will be is 50 – 60 mm.
  • The horns of the goat are twisted and large in size.
  1. Licheng Daqing Cashmere Goat:

  • The breed is a dual purpose breed
  • These are popularly found in Shanxi Province, China.
  1. Luliang Black Cashmere Goat:

  • This breed is a dual-purpose goat breed.
  • These are popularly found in Luliang area.
  • They produce in a small amount.
  1. Liaoning Cashmere Goat:

  • This goat breed is mainly and popularly found in Buyun Mountains, which are located on the Liaodong Peninsula.
  1. Inner Mongolia Cashmere Goat:

  • This breed is a local and dual-purpose breed.
  • They have a long history.
  • This breed can adapt to the desert and also semi-desert pastures.

Advantages of Cashmere Goat Breed:

  • They can thrive well in arid and semi-arid areas.
  • The Somali Goat are hardy animals, they can be fed with any type of vegetation.
  • As they are docile animals, they can be handled easily.
  • These are resistant to gastro – intestinal parasites.
  • Sometimes, they are resistant to infectious diseases and are tolerant of drought conditions.
  • In this breed, doe has a long life span and can live up to 10 years.
  • This breed produces high-quality meat.

Read: Pregnant Goat Care Information.

Characteristics of Cashmere Goat Breed:

 

Cashmere Goat Characteristics
Cashmere Goat Characteristics
CharacteristicsSpecifications
HornsThese are curved, but not spirally twisted
Breed LifeAdult Goat – 15 years

Oldest goat – 18 years

Buck Weight54kg
Doe Weight45 kg
Climate ToleranceAny climate
Place of OriginKashmir
Coat colorWhite
Coat textureSilky, Long and Straight
EarsLong
LimbsSlender
Outer Coarse HairFluffy and Soft underfur
WoolSoft Texture
Milk Yield3511 Litres

Feed for Cashmere Goat Breed:

The feed for the goats is very simple. The cost of the feed will also be very low. They don’t need high quality of the feed for this goats or any type of feed can be fed to the goats. There are 3 types of basic things of feeding program:

  1. The feed resource should be of a good type and good quality.
  2. The schedule of the feeding program should be appropriate.
  3. The feed depends upon the age and class of the goat.

Feed:

  • TDN
  • Hay
  • Pastures
  • Alfalfa
  • Crude Protein
  • Nutrients
  • Energy feed
  • Nutrients
  • Grains
  • Fodder Maize
  • Garden and Kitchen scarp
  • Grass Fodders

A balanced diet should be fed to the goats with proteins, vitamins, energy, calcium, and minerals to ensure the optimum production from the animals. A scheduled should be followed for feeding the goats.

Housing for Cashmere Goat Breed:

The housing is more important for any type of goat. The goat should be secured, so the housing is important. The fencing is very important as the goats will not be harmed by any other harsh animal. These are easily adjustable in any type of housing. They only need shelter to save from the climate and also from the harsh animals.

  • Mostly we should try to construct the housing by using bamboo sticks and concrete.
  • The comfort of the goats is the most important factor.
  • For taking rest there should be enough space.
  • There should be regular cleaning inside the house and the house should be maintained hygienically.
  • The house should always be away from the damp. By the damping, the diseases may occur.
  • They can be constructed in many ways; it completely depends on farmer economical status.
  • The rainwater should never enter the house.
  • Surrounding of the house should never be logged with water; it may cause infections to the goats.
  • Mostly we should try to construct the housing by using bamboo sticks and concrete.
  • The comfort of the goats is the most important factor.
  • For taking rest there should be enough space.
  • There should be regular cleaning inside the house and the house should be maintained hygienically.

Breeding of Cashmere Goat Breed:

Cashmere Goat Breeding is done in between local breeds and Cashmere goat breeds. Doing so helps in getting the characteristics and advantages of both the local breeds and Cashmere breeds into the newly produced breed.

Essential Tips for Goat Farming Beginners:

  • Goats are known as social animals.
  • These goats belong to the herd.
  • The comforts and facilities for the goat must be effective and efficient.
  • Housing for the goats should be constructed strong and good.
  • Caring the goat properly by treatment, preventions, and timely nutrients.
  • While rearing goats we should have some knowledge of rearing techniques.
  • After removing the fleece from the goat, if they expose to cold climates they may fall ill, so they should be kept in warm conditions.
  • At marketing time, the breeds should be sold in good markets.
  • Goats should be facilitated with good facilities like water, feed, milk barn, fleece shearing barn, and proper drainage etc.
  • At the time of purchasing the farmer should buy both doe and buck.
  • While purchasing an efficient and healthy breed should be selected.
  • Care for a breeding buck, pregnant doe and kids should be taken little more.
  • Goats should be provided with mineral and salt water, during the summer seasons.
  • Regularly consultation of vet is needed, as it improves and let us know the health condition of the goat.
  • The farm should be maintained hygienically.
  • Equipment which is necessary for the farm should set up on the farm.
  • A storeroom should also be maintained for storing the food.
  • And the other storeroom is for storing the by-products of the goats, like milk, meat, and fleece.
  • A first aid kit should be maintained on the farm.

Read: Goat Farming Business In India.

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