Goat Raising Basics and Practices:
Introduction to Goat Raising Basics and Practices:- Goat raising is one of wonderful commercial businesses across with world for quick income. The returns are from selling goat meat (chevon), milk, skin, and manure. Goat raising is easy when compared to other livestock farming such as dairy and poultry in terms of setting a goat farm, cost and maintaining it. However, commercial goat raisers should be aware of certain basics of goat rearing and breeding before starting a goat farm. How much profit is there in this line of business? well, there is no straight answer for this. Profits in goat raising depends on many factors such as number of animals or farm size, feed management, goat care and diseases management, the time frame or age at which goat are sold. Apart from these, there are other factors and practices may influence the profits in goat farming. Due to rapidly increasing consumption of goat meat, certainly it is the best bet to for goat farming. The following content details about goat raising basics and best practices in goat farming.
Goat Raising Benefits and Advantages:- Goat raising business benefits.
- It is not hard to set up a goat raising facility and in fact, it is easy even for beginners. The cost of goat farming or investment is low compared to poultry or dairy farm set up. Setting up a goat farm is very easy when compared to dairy farm. Goat farming can be run and maintained by even with farms children and women.
- Goats can be raised even in back yards with minimal numbers.
- With goat raising, you can utilize the manures to grow green fodder crops for regular feed requirement. Dairy goats have goat demand as well since the goat milk is very nutritious and can easily digest. Anyway meat has excellent demand 365 days in a year.
- There is no need of setting up a marketing channel and they are mostly sold at farm gate.
- You even can start with 2 goats and increase as you expand. Some goat farmers can earn extra income by selling goat manure.
- The biggest advantage of goat raising is that the goats are hardy animals and they possess excellent disease resistant power. So, you can expect less mortality rate.
How to Start Goat Raising:- To get some exposure in goat raising, you must visit some local goat farms and observe the animals and their care. You can watch any goat videos online. For any technical information, talk to your veterinary doctor. Have a estimate of set up by preparing goat business plan which can cover from buying goat breeds to marketing. This plan must also contain feed, care and other vaccination information. After mastering the basics of raising goats, you can start working on it.
Goat Raising Basics: The following are the goat raising basics for newbie or dummies.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #1: You must have an idea and clear picture of what you are planning. For example, you can raise goats for milk, meat, fiber/skin and showcase. However, try to choose one of these and never mix. You can buy a goat book or goat project report to learn more about basics of goat raising and goat project.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #2: You should know the basic terms used in goat farming. For example, A female goat is called ‘Does’ and male goats are being named as ‘Bucks’. Female goat kids are called as ‘Doelings’ and Male goat kids called ‘Bucklings’.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #3: You must know which breeds are best for your farm. This depends on what have planned for. There are good milk breeds (dairy breeds), and meat breeds. For your reference some of the famous breeds are listed below.
The Popular dairy goat breeds:
- Anglo Nubain.
- La Mancha.
The popular meat goat breeds:
- Black Bengal.
Note: Raising Boer goats is more profitable as they are very hard in nature and gain excellent weight.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #4: When you select breeds (meat or dairy), have your vet with your for browsing their health to get quality goat breeds. Check the age of goat and for any sickness. Never buy old goats and too young goats (6 months below).
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #5: Buy both females and male goats at a time. Male goat should be well built for breeding. Usually, it requires 1 male goat for 25 female goats. As we know goats are social animals and usually prefer herd, never buy single goat. Bargain as much as possible to save good amount. Buy the goats only from certified breeders.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #6: Goats are farm animals, not pets so never treat them as pets.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #7: Goats can’t eat everything. Make sure you have proper goat feed formula for feeding program. This makes goats to gain weight in shorter time and can avoid any digestive problems.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #8: You must understand the goat behavior, Goats are more like deer than they are like cattle and other livestock. Goats browse for shrubs and trees more than cattle.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #9: As a beginner, never start your farm with many animals. Try with small numbers and expand the herd (group) as you go.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #10: Give more care and attention for pregnant goats and goat kids. Don’t raise your goats in the same shed of other livestock such as cattle, rabbit, chickens.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #11: Build goat house/shed for to protect these goats from other dangers. Fence around the house for preventing jumping of goats. The cost of goat house depends on your budget. You can build with local material or other quality material. Our tip is not to go for expensive shed initially. You can expand it later based on your profits. Make sure goat house has good ventilation and air flow.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #12: Shop around for feeders and drinkers. The goat shed should be cleaned always kept in dry condition for preventing any kind of diseases. Clean all the feeders and drinkers frequently. Never let goats eat from other goats feed leftovers.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #13: The best goat feed includes hay and pellets. Home grown hay is lighter, keeps the goat healthier, and processes the digestive system effectively. You can grow this on your field to avoid buying feed outside. Pellets are like Bermuda and alfalfa. you can grow these, along with other treed fodders (like subabul) in your field. usually, 1 acre of green fodder is good enough for 50 goats.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #14: Schedule the vaccinations with your veterinary doctor and let him visit the farm on weekly basis. Any required medication along with deworming and vaccination should be carried out.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #15: Identify any sick goats and isolate (remove) them from the shed. They can be kept in separate place until got treated.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #16: Make sure goats have comfortable space in the shed to roam around. Supply clean drinking water regularly. Don’t let them to drink outside water especially when they are pasturing outside.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #17: Generally, goat pregnancy duration is about 5 to 6 months, during this period, special care should be taken. Don’t milk the pregnant goats and de-worm these goats after 2 months. Pregnant goats require more feed as they attain the delivery date. Supplemental or concentrate feed along with regular feed is essential for healthy goat kids.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #18: Don’t Mix all the animals in the shed. Keep male goats separate especially when breeding is not needed. It is always advisable to keep the milky goats and the meat goats separately.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #19: Research on goat meat prices and contact directly. Avoid any middle agents for better profits.
Goat Raising Basics and Practices #20: There is a provision of getting goat farming subsidy in most of the states in India. You must meet certain requirements to get government subsidy and loans for your goat farm.