Goat Farming Questions and Answers:
Are you looking to start a goat farming and have questions in your mind? Well, you have come to the right place. Here are some commonly asked goat farming questions. You can find answers as well.
Goat Farming Questions: What is goat farming?
Answer: Goat farming is a procedure of raising goats or rearing goats for their meat, milk, skin, and fibre. This can be commercial or non-commercial.
Goat Farming Questions: Who can start goat farming?
Answer: Anyone who is interested and know basics of goats can start this business. Women, men, unemployed and who want to earn extra income along with other livestock.
Goat Farming Questions: Is goat farming is profitable?
Answer: Well, the answer is “Yes” and “No”. Goat farming takes many months to realize the profits. Profits depend on many factors such as breed, age at which you intended to sell, other livestock management practices (like, medical care, feed management, vaccination practices).
Goat Farming Questions: Should I go for meat goat farming or dairy goat farming?
Answer: This is up to you. However, goat meat has excellent demand than milk though goat milk is better than cow milk.
Goat Farming Questions: What is the cost of a goat?
Answer: Well, it all depends on the breed, live weight and other character sticks. Usually, a 20 kg goat may cost about 6,000 to 7,000 Indian rupees.
Goat Farming Questions: Are there any subsidies for goat farming in India?
Answer: Yes, NABARD provides goat farming subsidies for eligible farmers through rural banks. Some states in India have subsidy schemes for goat farming business. These subsidies enable the rural employment and contribute to the national economy.
Goat Farming Questions: Are goats good pets to have?
Answer: Yes, Indeed. Not only pygmy goats, most of the goats give relaxation and can be raised as just as like any other pets irrespective of their size.
Goat Farming Questions: Should I take trade license for goat farming business?
Answer: Though goat farming is under animal husbandry of agriculture, the commercial units must have all appropriate permits to operate. You can contact local animal husbandry department for more details.
Goat Farming Questions: How many square feet does a goat need? Or How much space do you need for a goat?
Answer: It depends on goat size. If the goats are raised under open land pastures, it requires less space than stall-fed goats. Usually an adult goat requires 15 to 20 feet for free movement.
Goat Farming Questions: How many acres do you need per goat?
Answer: Well, it depends on the quality pasture on the ground. A field having better pasture may able to accommodate about 8 to 9 goats per acre.
Goat Farming Questions: How big of a shelter do goats need?
Answer: It all depends on the number of goats and breeding. Typically an adult goat requires 4 feet by 5 feet kidding pens.
Goat Farming Questions: How much do goats eat in a day?
Answer: The feed input depends on age and goat stage (weaing or pregnant or lactating). In dairy goats, half kg (nearly 1 pound) grains are fed for production of 1.5 kg (nearly 3 pounds) of milk.
In case of hay feed, an adult goat can eat 4 to 5 pounds of hay per day.
Goat Farming Questions: What other animals can live with goats?
Answer: In free-range conditions, other livestock like sheep, cows/cattle, pigs, ducks, chickens, turkey, geese, and horses can be kept with goats.
Goat Farming Questions: What do goats eat?
Answer: Goats eat a variety of plants and grains. Small trees, grasses, shrubs, tree leaves, and grains are common diet of goats.
Goat Farming Questions: What not to feed a goat?
Answer: Should avoid poisonous plants in the grazing area. Never feed your goats with the following.
- Wild cherries.
- Rhubarb leaves.
- Lily of the valley.
- Plants with oxalates like kale.
- Any nightshade vegetables / flower plants.
- Rhubarb leaves.
Goat Farming Questions: Should I go for stall-fed or open graze goat farming?
Answer: It all depends on grazing land availability and your investment. Stall-fed goat farming costs more than open grazing. However, most of the commercial units are being set up with stall-fed facilities.
Goat Farming Questions: What are the best goat breeds for meat?
Answer: The following are the best meat goat breeds.
- Boer goats.
- Black Bengal goats.
- Spanish goats.
- Rangeland goats.
- Kalahari goats.
- Kiko goats.
- Nubian goats.
- Myotonic goats.
- Black Bengal goats.
- Verata goats.
- Beetal goats.
- Kashmiri goats.
- Matou goats.
- Angora goats.
Goat Farming Questions: What are the best goat breeds for milk?
Answer: The following are the best goats for milk/dairy.
- Alpine goats.
- LaMancha goats.
- Nubian goats.
- Saanen goats.
- Toggenburg goats.
- Oberhasli goats.
- Nigerian Dwarf goats.
- Sable goats.
- Guernsey goats.
- Best Dairy Goats.
- Jamunapari Goats.
Goat Farming Questions: How much goat meat cost?
Answer: In India, the goat meat costs about 400 to 500 Rupees/kg.
Goat Farming Questions: Is it required to take goat farming training?
Answer: Well, If you know about goat basics, no need to take goat training classes. However, it is advised to go for it as the training covers all the topics of goat farming. There are private firms and also agriculture departments conduct the goat training classes.
Goat Farming Questions: What are the requirements for starting a goat farm?
Answer: You must have proper goat farming business plan and inital investment.
Goat Farming Questions: Can a goat be alone?
Answer: It is not recommended to keep a single goat as these are herd animals.
Goat Farming Questions: Do goats require vaccinations?
Answers: Yes, all the goats on the farm requires vaccinations including frequent deworming.
Goat Farming Questions: Should I insure my goats?
Answer: Yes, in case of sudden death, goat insurance covers the goat cost.
Goat Farming Questions: What are the goat farming systems?
Answer: There are three types of goat farming systems available.
- Intensive/Zero grazing (Goats are fed only in the goat shed/house).
- Semi-intensive (mix of stall feeding and outside grazing).
- Extensive (open grazing).
Goat Farming Questions: What age do you dehorn/disbud a goat?
Answer: Usually, goat kids are disbudded at 6 to 10 days of age.
Goat Farming Questions: How long do goats live for?
Answer: It all depends on goat breed. On an average a goat can live up to 12 to 15 years.
Goat Farming Questions: What is a male goat called?
Answer: Male goat is referred as “buck” or “billy”. If the male goat is castrated, it is referred as a “wether”.
Goat Farming Questions: What is a female goat called?
Answer: Female goat is called as “Doe” or “Nannie”.
Goat Farming Questions: Can my goats and chickens live together?
Answer: Yes, in free-range conditions. However, they should be kept separate while resting in the house or shelter.
Goat Farming Questions: What are the some common goat diseases?
Answer: The following are some of the goat diseases.
- Goat Pox.
- Foot and Mouth Diseases Virus.
- Foot rot in goat.
- Heat stress.
- Liver Fluke.
- Ring worm.
Goat Farming Questions: How much hay do goats eat a day?
Answer: Generally, Each goat needs about 1.5 kg to 2.5 kg (3 to 5 pounds) of hay/day. This hay may be grass or legume crops like alfalfa.
Goat Farming Questions: What are the best fodder crops for goats?
Answer: Some of the fodder crops that goats are interested in. These may include cereal, legume and tree crops.
- Napier grass.
- Green arhar.
- Gram crops.
Goat Farming Questions: What is the smallest breed of goats?
Ans: The Pygmy goats are considered as smallest meat breeds where as Nigerian Dwarf goats are considered as smallest dairy breeds, and the Pygora goats are considered as smallest fiber breeds.
Goat Farming Questions: What is the gestation period for goats?
Ans: Usually, the gestation period of goats is from 148 to 152 days. You can consider the average gestation period of a goat is about 150 days.
Goat Farming Questions: What do you feed the goats in the winter?
Answer: When goats don’t have access to free-range grazing, your best bet is hay (grass) or a legume (clover or alfalfa).
Goat Farming Questions: How old does a goat have to be to get pregnant?
Answer: Well, it depends on breed and weight. However, 4 to 10 months is the average period.
Goat Farming Questions: How many babies do goats have at a time?
Answer: It depends on the breed. Some may give singles, and twinning is common in some goats. The Nigerian dwarf goats can produce upto 3 to 4 kids in a single birth.
Questions: What is flushing in goats and why should I do it?
Ans: Flushing is nothing but providing additional nutrition or feed to does (female goats) 15 days before the breeding. Flushing is done to increase the number of ovulations for more kidding rate (like twins or triplets).
Questions: What are the problems and challenges in goat farming?
Answer: Selection of proper breed, feed management, and health care are more important aspects of goat farming business.
Questions: What is the Investment required to start a goat farm?
Answer: Well, it all depends on farm size and breed. You can start with low capital with minimal numbers and increase the herd size as you gain more experience in goat management. There is no specific amount we can talk about.