Dairy Goat Breeds:
The following is all about Dairy Goat Breeds or Milk Goat Breeds.
Introduction to Dairy Goat Breeds
What are dairy goats? well, goats reared and raised for milk purpose are called dairy goats. Commercial dairy goat farming is slowly picking as people becoming aware of goat milk importance. Goat milk is better than cow milk and easily digestible. There are many dairy goat breeds are raised across the world (there are more than 200 dairy goat breeds available). Some goats produce more milk though they are small size animals. To be profitable in commercial dairy goat farming, you must first establish a marketing channel. Though dairy goat breeds are aimed at producing milk, they can fetch income from goat meat (chevon) and manure as well. If you are raising dairy goats, dairy goat housing, dairy goat feed management, dairy goat milking management, dairy goat health management and dairy goat milk marketing are major parts of a dairy goat farm. There are many goat training centers where you can learn more about dairy goat breeds. in the upcoming sections, let us talk about dairy goat breeds and their characteristics along with Dairy goat advantages.
Advantages of Dairy Goat Farming:
- Dairy goats are social animals and can be raised along with other animals.
- Investment for dairy goat farming is lower than other livestock business.
- Dairy goats are easy to manage and maintain.
- Dairy goats produce nutritious milk and have fewer allergenic proteins. Poor people can benefit from this milk.
- Dairy goats produce milk, meat, skin, and manure though they are mainly reared for milk production.
- Dairy goats do not require an expensive house.
- Dairy goat farming provides rural and urban employment.
- Dairy goats are hardy animals and can survive in any adverse climatic conditions.
- Dairy goats require relatively small space than any other livestock animals.
- Dairy goats can mature early and will have high growth rate.
- Dairy goats have longer lactation period compared to sheep.
- Dairy goats can breed through all the seasons.
- Dairy goats can feed on wide range of feeds hence the feed management of dairy goats is easy.
- Dairy goats have high reproductive rate and their gestation period is only 5 to 6 months.
- Dairy goat manure can be utilized for home-grown crops or any green forage crops.
- Goat milk has high demand in the market.
List of Popular Dairy Goat Breeds:
- Anglo Nubian.
- Nigerian Dwarf.
Dairy Goat Breeds – Toggenburg
- Toggenburg is well known Swiss dairy goat reared all parts of the world. They are native to northeastern regions of Switzerland. Toggenburg goats are known for their long lactations. They are a medium size to large animals. Their coat color ranges from fawn to deep chocolate. These goats are excellent milk producers hence used in commercial dairy goat farming.
- Toggenburg goats have white spots on their knees and mouth.
- Toggenburg goats have long and straight throat is long.
- Toggenburg goat ears are in black color.
- Toggenburg goats do not have any horns.( in both males and female goats).
- When it comes to milk production, the doe of Toggenburg breed can produce 3 to 3.5 kg of milk per day.
- They can be raised in intensive, semi-intense and extensive systems. However, Toggenburg goats are fond of grazing in open fields.
- Usually, a matured Toggenburg buck (male goat) weighs about 60 to 65 kg and doe (female) 70 to 75 kg.
Dairy Goat Breeds – Saanen
- Saanen is a Swiss dairy goat and considered as top dairy goat breed in the world. These dairy goats are very popular and raised for commercial milk production in countries like India, South Africa, Australia, Kenya, Israel, and the Philippines.
- Saanen goats can easily adapt all kinds of climatic conditions in most parts of the world.
- Saanen goats are having larger udder size.
- Saanen goats can produce milk of 2.5 to 3 kg per day.
- The fat content of Saanen goat is about 3% to 3.5%.
- Usually, Saanen goats have a white color coat and black spots on their nose and ears.
- Saanen goats have a long and thin neck.
- Saanen goats have small hairs on the body and their ears are in an upward direction.
- You don’t find any horns on both male and female Saanen goats.
- Male Saanen goat weights about 72 to 75 kg and female Saanen goat weighs about 65 to 70 kg.
- Saanen goats love to be under shade.
Dairy Goat Breeds – Alpine
- This goat breed is from ‘Alps’ mountains of Switzerland. Alpine Swiss dairy goats are also very famous for commercial milk production. Alpine dairy goats are mostly raised in European countries.
- Alpine goats can adapt any climatic conditions very easily.
- Usually, Alpine goats exist in brown, white, black, and mixed colors.
- These dairy goats good for stall-fed conditions.
- Alpine goats can produce 4.5 to 5 kg milk per day.
- Their goat milk contains about 3.0% to 3.5% fat.
- Some goats both male and females may have horns on them.
- Generally, a matured buck (male) weights about 60 to 65 kg and doe (female) 55 to 60 kg.
Dairy Goat Breeds – Anglo Nubian
- This dairy goat is a cross breed of Nubian goats and English goats. This hybrid goat breed is also very popular in milk production.
- Anglo Nubian goats can produce more milk and meat (some people can raise these for a dual purpose).
- Anglo Nubian goats can easily adapt any climatic conditions in the world.
- Anglo Nubian goats are hardy, long-legged and strong active animals.
- Anglo Nubian goats have good udder size and their ears are hanging.
- Anglo Nubian female goat can produce about 2.5 to 3 kg milk per day.
- Both male and female Anglo Nubian goats do not have horns.
- Anglo Nubian goat coat color exists in white, black, brown or mixed colors.
- Anglo Nubian goats can fit into intensive and extensive rearing systems. However, they are more fond of grazing on open fields.
Dairy Goat Breeds – Jamunapari
- Jamunapari goat breed is native to India. Many people are raising these dairy goats in India and south-east Asia regions. In fact, they can be raised for both milk and meat. However, they are popularly known as commercial milk producers.
- Jamunapari goats are big sized animals whose ears very long and hanging.
- Jamunapari goat body coat color is white, black, brown, and mixed colors.
- This goat breed has very big sized udder and well defined.
- Jamunapari goats are hardy and have long legs.
- Jamunapari female goats give birth to 1 kid/year.
- They have short horns and small tails.
- Jamunapari goat milk contains fat about 4.5 to 5%.
- Jamunapari buck (male) can reach a height of 100 to 125 cm and doe (female) 90 to 105 cm.
- Jamunapari matured buck weighs about 65 to 90 kg and a doe about 40 to 60 kg.
- Jamunapari females can produce about 3.0 to 3.5 kg milk per day.
- Jamunapari goats love grazing in open fields.
Dairy Goat Breeds – Nigerian Dwarf
Nigerian Dwarf is a miniature goat native to West Africa and is turning out to be a good milk producer as well.
Dairy Goat Breeds – LaMancha
- LaMancha goats are unique from the other dairy goat breeds and have no visible external ears. They come in different colors.
- These goats are very calm and gentle in nature.
- They are good producers of milk as well. They are larger size animals originated in Spain.
Read more about LaMancha Goat Breed.
Read more about Rabbit Farming Project.
Bottom line: If you are planning for commercial dairy goat farming, consider one of the above breeds. Without establishing a marketing for a milk, it is not recommended to start a commercial dairy goat farming.