Goat Farming in Kenya Information:
The following is all about Goat Farming in Kenya.
Importance and Scope of Goat farming in Kenya
Why should we choose goat rearing enterprise? Goat manure is an additional money making element of goat farming. In Kenya, goat meat has a superb requirement and you can get decent gains with commercial goat-rearing small business. Youth and a few meat processing businesses are rearing goats for meat. Commercial meat and dairy goat farming in Kenya is growing quickly and contributing much to the federal income, economic growth, and better human nutrition source. In the last couple of years, goat farming has become very popular with small-scale farmers in both urban and densely populated areas of Kenya. Kenya’s demand for goat meat has risen to a great extent. This has produced a larger market for commercial goat farming. However, that situation is transformed in developed nations where there’s no area for grazing. In the majority of the developed nations, stall-fed goat farming is among the greatest goat rearing procedures. Goat meat doesn’t have any spiritual taboo hence it’s absorbed by the majority of the people around the world. Goat rearing plays a part in the rural and domestic economy of Kenya.
For creating a commercial goat farming in Kenya, you should have a fundamental understanding of goat s and their management together with the fantastic goat farming business program. You’re able to take goat coaching courses from goat breeding institutes in your region. You can also visit closest goat farming businesses. Now Let’s get into details of goat farming in Kenya.
Who can start the Goat Farming in Kenya
- Small-scale, marginal or landless farmers.
- People who are interested in commercial goat farming business in Kenya.
- People with good grazing area for pasture and trees.
- People who want to earn additional income along with other livestock business.
Goat raising methods or systems in Goat Farming In Kenya
- Extensive or Open Grazing System: This method is suitable where abundant pasture area is available for grazing. It requires huge land to own.
- Semi-intensive system: In semi-intensive goat farming is preferred in regions where open land for grazing is limited. In this type raising method, animals are usually fed intensively with green fodder crops/concentrate feeds after grazing outdoors.
- Intensive or Deep litter / Stall-fed system: In this system, Usually goats are fed with green fodders, dry fodders and concentrates within the house/shed. In this stall-fed goat rearing system, animals are not allowed to graze outside. Goat shed/house maybe of raised platform system or deep litter system.
Benefits and Advantages of Goat farming in Kenya
- Goat farming in Kenya needs less investment compared to other livestock business.
- Goats are easily minable because they have little body size and because of docile nature consequently they have fewer management problems.
- Goats do not demand heavy infrastructure or housing unless you would like to start on a commercial scale. Goats are social animals easily manageable around the folks.
- Goats are successful in natures and goats achieve maturity at age 10 to 12 months.
- The gestation period of goats is brief, generally, they start producing milk at age 15 to 16 months based on the stock strain.
- The animals in your farm multiply in brief duration since they may give more than one kid in single birth (depending on the breed, twinning, triplets, and quadruplets are common).
- Goats are hardy creatures can survive under any climatic conditions.
- Goat rearing business has less risk in drought-prone regions as compared to other livestock animals.
- Unlike big animals in commercial farming, both male goat and female goat have an equal price.
- These creatures are best for mixed species grazing. Goats can feed on wide Variety of thorny bushes, trees, weeds, crop residues, and agricultural by-products.
- Under proper livestock management, goats may improve and maintain grazing land places. They can Reduce bush encroachment in those regions.
- Goat meat has been consumed all around the world with almost any difficulty.
- The goat meat (chevon) is a fantastic source of protein and is low in cholesterol as compared to other red meat.
- Goat milk is readily digestible compared to cow milk. Goat milk has a superb health benefit within other milk.
- Goat farming in Kenya is 2 to 3 times more affordable than hoarding on free range grazing under semiarid conditions.
- Goat farming in Kenya creates employment to rural people and it has a ample scope for setting cottage industries according to goat milk and meat products.
- Another advantage of dairy goat farming is, it is possible to milk number times in a day so goat is known as walking refrigerator for milk.
- Slaughter performance, dressing disposal, and operation of meat can be done without any environmental problems.
- Goat farming industry makes a significant contribution to the livelihood of economically poorer parts of Kenya.
Management practices for Goat farming in Kenya
1. Housing management for Goat farming in Kenya
- It is suggested to construct goat housing in a sterile and elevated area.
- you should think about the location of the house which less prone to water-logging.
- The goat house can be constructed with multi-level as well with layered wooden floors.
- Goat shed floor can be constructed with a cement or wood.
- Goat housing size Depends upon the number of animals.
- Goat shed/housing roof may be built with asbestos sheets.
- Make sure that the goat house walls have at least 10 feet height and full of great cross ventilation.
- Build individual pens in the house as Bucks (male goats) ought to be kept in individual pens.
- It is also possible to build separate pens for newborn goat kids.
- Does (female goats) can be housed in groups up to 50 each pen in the house.
- It is crucial to give proper shade and a cooling environment in summer.
- Make stations in the house to eliminate dung and urine properly.
- You must provide sufficient space for each animal (goat) free of motion.
- Avoid overstocking that the home or mixing with other animals (goats) in Intensive stall-fed goat farming in Kenya.
- It is suggested to build a feed room as part of the house for simple access to feed or fodder.
- Build a secured fence around the shed from predators such s wild dogs, wolfs or some other crazy animals.
- You can have litter such as paddy husk or dry hay on the house floor.
- Selection of breeding goats and their management of Goat Farming in Kenya
- Following preparing a goat farming company program, buy the inventory from breeders that are licensed. Avoid purchasing the goats from people and neighborhood markets.
- Buy goats that are 10 to 11 months old.
- It is suggested to buy goats that are prepared to breed and at the prime phase of creation.
- You need to determine the recently purchased goats with appropriate identification marks.
- Carry out mandatory vaccinations on bought animals against the ailments.
- You ought to continue to keep the recently bought goats under observation for approximately 15 to 20 times and then blend them together with the overall present herd on the farm.
- Goats to be consumed in the period of 8 to 9 months for optimum productivity.
- You ought to cull the previous goats in age 7 or 6 year years and over.
- make certain to get around the kidding through peak winters and summers.
- Change the breeding male goat for every 3 years.
Some of the goat breeds reared and raised for Goat Farming in Kenya are:
- African Boer Goats.
- German Alpine Goats.
- Toggenburg Goats.
- Saanen Goats.
- Anglo Nubian Goats.
- Galla Goats.
Some other breeds are suitable for commercial meat and dairy goat farming business in Kenya.
- Feed management of Goat farming in Kenya
- If you are planning for receptive graze rearing, you must make sure Bushes/shrubs for surfing of goats.
- Home-grown fodder can be supplied for intensive goat farming in Kenya. It’s possible to make silage from home-grown plants and may use it in stall-fed goat rearing system.
- You should make sure the goats also get dry fodder as part of regular diet.
- be sure 2/3rd of their creature energy requirements are satisfied through roughages/grasses or tree leaves.
- For goat fattening or along with green fodders focus feeds must be considered in industrial goat farming in Kenya.
- Recently born goat children ought to be fed with colostrum around 5 to 6 weeks old. After that, the children can be put on goat kid starter feed rations.
- Green leguminous fodders might be given to goat kids from 15 days of birth onwards.
- You should provide salt and clean drinking water to kids at all time. You can get salt cubes/ mineral mix cubes in a market.
- You must ensure additional feeds and focused on bucks and does during the breeding season.
- It is suggested to meet the nutrient needs of animal health and to gain weight.
|Feed/Fodder ingredients||Goat kids/Baby goat feed (gm)||Growing goat feed (grams)||Feed for lactating goats (grams)||Feed for pregnant goats (grams)|
- Care and Health management for Goat farming in Kenya
- You have to monitor all of the goats in the home regularly for any strange action like decreased feed intake, limping, any sparks, fever, swollen abdomen, or some other odd behavior.
- You have to isolate the sick animals from the herd and find the closest veterinary aid.
- Some diseases are infectious diseases, in this situation, immediately segregate those goats out of healthy goats and carry essential disease control activities.
- You must rigorously follow Deworming program in goats on a routine basis.
- Make sure to inspect the faeces of adult goats to discover eggs of internal parasites. Consult with a veterinary practitioner to take care of these parasites.
- In stall-fed goat cultivation, be certain that you give clean water and uncontaminated feed.
- Adhere to the recommended vaccine program for all of the creatures in the farm.
- Breeding care for Goat farming in Kenya
- You Have to plan the rearing to Obtain at least 3 kidding in two years by embracing optimal goat management practices.
- For every 25 female goats (does) 1 buck (male goat for breeding) should be provided in a single breeding season.
- Make Certain to breed the goats 12 to 13 hours following the onset of the initial symptoms of heat for greatest conception rate.
- In cases, some goats may not Maintain breedable condition. Sell those off animals and replace them with fresh ones.
- Care during pregnancy for Goat farming in Kenya
- In an advanced stage of pregnancy, the female goats have to be held in kidding pens or individually allowed area for kidding within the primary shed. Be sure to thoroughly disinfecting place where these animals are kept.
- After kidding, the female goats (Does) should be provided with hot bran mash for 2 days.
- Any additional feed has to be provided for mother goat and the health condition of delivered goat should be checked with a veterinary doctor.
- Goat kids care and management for Goat farming in Kenya
- Care has to be taken to safeguard newly born goat children by supplying guard rails.
- Heal and disinfect the navel string of goat child using tincture of iodine.
- Additional care ought to be supplied in extreme weather conditions and throughout first 2 months following arrival.
- You ought to dehorn the goat children during initial 14 days (two weeks) old.
- Be certain all of the male goat children are castrated for much better quality beef production.
- Vaccination in goat children ought to be carried according to the suggested program from the veterinarian.
- Be certain that you wean the children in age two months (8 weeks).
- Ensure appropriate choice of goat children on the grounds of initial body weight and weaning weight ought to be initiated by keeping proper records for substituting the culled mature goats.
Equipment needed for commercial Goat farming in Kenya
- Feeding troughs.
- Water Troughs.
- Milking equipment (in case of dairy goats).
- Fencing material.
- Maintenance items.
- Other equipment like chaff cutters or feed cutters.
Goat Insurance for commercial Goat farming in Kenya
- Though goats are hardy animals and less prone to diseases than sheep, you must consider taking goat insurance for all the animals on the farm to cover any mortality due to illness or accidents. Goat insurance can save you from hefty losses in case of sudden diseases spread.
Marketing – Goat farming in Kenya
Usually, commercial goat farming in Kenya does NOT require much effort as there is a huge demand for goat meat and milk. However, If you are planning for large-scale goat business, it is better to look for the direct buyer rather selling to middle agents, this can result in the increase of goat farming profits.