Zalawadi Goat Breed Profile Information

Zalawadi Goat Breed(Male), Picture Courtesy
Zalawadi Goat Breed(Male), Picture Courtesy

Zalawadi Goat Breed:

Introduction to Zalawadi Goat Breed:- The Zalawadi goat breed one of the Indian goat breeds and raised for meat, milk and fiber (hair production). This multi-purpose goat breed is native to Surendranagar(formerly known as “Zalawad”), Rajkot regions of Gujarat in India. Breed of domestic goat. The Zalawadi goat is popularly known as “Tara Bakari” in the state of Gujarat. This goat breed is one of the important goat breeds in the state of Gujarat. The Zalawadi goats usually reared by traditional shepherd community in Gujarat where annual rain-fall is less. The Zalawadi goat is spread to adjacent districts in Gujarat and the Zalawadi goat occupies about 30% of total goat population in the region. The Zalawadi goat breed is usually raised in small flock sizes of 10 to 100. These Zalawadi goats are maintained under extensive grazing system. The main advantage of this goat breed is, this can be raised for milk, meat and fiber. Apart from this, commercial goat farmers can use their manure for any home grown crops and can sell it for profits.

Characteristics and Performance of Zalawadi Goat Breed:- The following are main characteristics of Zalawadi goat breed.

  • These goats are large sized animals with long legs.
  • Goat coat color is black with long coarse hairs. However, they are also available in black and white mix
  • This goat breed face is slightly raised, ears are long, wide, leaf-like and drooping.
  • Both Male and Female Zalawadi goats have horns pointed upward.
  • Female Zalawadi goats udder is well developed with large conical teats.
  • These goats are good milk producers and on an average, one can obtain a daily milk yield of 2 to 2.15 kg for 200 days lactation period.
  • The average productive life of Zalawadi goats is 5 to 6 lactations.
  • Average body weight of the adult Zalawadi male goat is about 40 kg.
  • Average body weight of the adult Zalawadi female goat is about 34 kg.
  • The average body length of Zalawadi goat breed is about 76 cm in males and 72 cm in females.
  • The average body height of Zalawadi goat breed is about 83 cm in males and 78 cm in females.
  • The average heart girth of Zalawadi goat breed is about 76 cm in males and 74 cm in females.
  • These goat are suitable for stall feeding as well.
  • These goat can survive in all kinds of climates in India.
  • The birth rate in Zalawadi goats are 54 to 55 % twins and 2% triplets.
  • The averages of age at first kidding in Zalawadi goat breed is 22 months.
  • The Zalawadi goat kidding interval is about 11 months.
  • The Zalawadi herd life is about 7 to 8 years.
Zalawadi (Female). Picture Courtesy
Zalawadi (Female). Picture Courtesy

The Zalawadi Goat Farming Tips for Beginners: If you are planning for Zalawadi goat farming on large scale, here are some goat raising tips for you.

  • First and foremost, decide the type of business, for example these goats can be raised for milk, meat and hair. Based on this decision, goat management practices may vary.
  • Decide whether you are planning for stall fed goat farming.
  • Goats are social animals, so never buy single goat.
  • Find out local laws about this breed raising.
  • Prepare a goat farming business plan which can include information about goat buying to marketing.
  • Select quality female Zalawadi goats from certified goat breeders. For goat selection tips : Read here.
  • Before getting the Zalawadi goats, make sure they have protective shelter or house.
  • Usually every 25 Zalawadi female goats require 1 health make Zalawadi goat.
  • If you are already raising any goats, don’t mix the newly bought Zalawadi goats with them.
  • Ensure proper vaccinations before entering to goat house.
  • It is advised to have veterinary doctor who can visit your farm frequently.
  • Provide good ventilation in the house along with clean water.
  • Feed is another goat management task should be carried out throughout the lifecycle of goats.
  • You can buy feed in the market or you can cultivate green crops if you have enough land to produce.
  • Make sure to remove any poisonous plants in and around the farm area.
  • Fence the goat shed with strong structure to prevent the goats from jumping.
  • If you have more male goats in the farm, just keep 1 male Zalawadi goat for 25 female goats. remaining male Zalawadi goats should be castrated.
  • Never mix male goats and female goats in the same house except at mating time.
  • Watch out frequently for any abnormal behavior of goats.
  • Sick goats should be isolated from the herd until it gets the treatment.
  • Feeding should be provided based on condition of goats. Goad kids require less feed when compared to adult goats and pregnant goats.
  • Pregnant Zalawadi goats and new born goat kids should be given more priority in terms of feed and medical checks.
  • Dairy goats require good nutritious feed for milk production.
  • Goat manure can be used for growing for any green fodder crops or can be sold to other farmers.
  • It is recommended to have goat house clean and dry all the times.
  • goat house flooring should have paddy husk to absorb any outputs from the goat.
  • Seasonal vaccinations should be provided to all ages of Zalawadi goats in the farm.
  • In case of dairy goats, milking equipments should be kept clean to prevent from any contamination.
  • In case of stall fed Zalawadi goat farming, you may need to provide coolers in extreme hot conditions and heaters in extreme cold conditions.
  • Make sure that newly born Zalawadi goat kids have access to mothers milk for at least a month. Thereafter after you can start with external feeding.
  • In some cases, goat kids may not show interest to drink milk from mother goat. If it is the case, bottle feeding is required till they start taking solid food or grazing on green pastures.
  • Goats require additional minerals and supplements other than regular feed. Talk to your veteran doctor about feed ration.
  • You can cut goat hair on your own or you can seek professional help.
  • Decide at which age that you want your goats to be sold.
  • Avoid any middle agents and have direct communication with consumers like hotels, slaughter houses or any meat processing companies for more profits.
  • Don’t expect profits for 2 to 3 years as goats take long time to be ready for market.
  • Once you sell the first batch, you need to plan such a way that, other batch will be ready in 3 to 4 months.
  • If you see any non production female goats, or weak goats , try to sell them as soon as possible and replace with healthy goats.
  • Finally, goat farming requires patience, investment, hard work, and dedication to be successful.

For Goat Fodder Production: Read here.


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