Sarda Goat Profile
Introduction to Sarda Goat Breed
Soda is an indigenous goat breed of Italy. The Sarda goat has been raised for centuries that has been influenced by the Maltese goat breed. The Sarda goat is one of the 8 autochthonous Italian goat breeds.These goats are very popular in the provinces of Cagliari and Nuoro. The Sarda goat is raised for both milk and meat. Commercial Sarda goat farming defiantly fetch you good profits as demand for goat Chevon is increasing rapidly throughout the world.
Advantages of Sarda Goat Breed
- Sarda goats are hardy and disease resistant animals.
- The Sarda goats are very well suited for a wild or semi-wild state in tough conditions.
- Sarda goats look beautiful.
- Sarda goat breeds can survive in drought areas with minimum forage availability.
- Sarda goats can easily adapt to any adverse climatic conditions
- The female Sarda goats are good milk producers and suitable to commercial dairy goat farming.
- These goats are raised for dual purpose i.e. meat and milk.
Sarda Goat Characteristics / Profile
- Sarda goats are medium sized animals with long neck.
- With long hair on their body, Sarda goats look beautiful.
- Sarda goat breeds are deep-chested.
- The female Sarda goats have well-developed udders.
- Soda goat coat color varies and can be found in a mixture of black, white, and gray.
- Both the Sarda male goats and Sarda female goats have horns.
- When it comes to the size and weight of the Sarda goats, they depend on many factors. However, male, Sarda goats weighs more than female Sarda goats.
- The average height of adult male goat is about 77 cm.
- The average height of adult male goat is about 70 cm.
- Usually, the adult Sarda male goat weighs about 65 to 67 kg.
- An average Sarda female goat weighs about 50 kg.
- The Sarda goats can survive in most of the climatic conditions with minimal grazing conditions.
Feed Management of Sarda Goat Breed
Feeding management of Sarda goats impacts the growth and profits of commercial Sarda goat farming. Just like any other goat breeds, the Sarda goat also can eat any type of green fodder such as grass, leaves, plants, shrubs, grains. These goats are good at browsing the bushes and clearing the farming lands any leftover crop grains in the field.. For better and quick growth, along with regular grazing, the feed should contain vitamins, minerals, proteins, trace elements, and carbohydrates.
Ensure the feed diet contains at least 20% of protein. This supplemental feed is important for gaining weight in addition to the creation of long hair/fiber on the body. As we said before, they are excellent milk producers, it is required to ensure healthy feed for high yielding of milk. Feed quantity will be different for each goat depending on their age and status. You may need to provide extra feed especially at the time reproduction, and post delivery. Provide clean drinking water along with nutritious feed.
Breeding of Sarda Goat Breed
You have two options, one is purchasing male goats only and raising male goats and selling the other options to purchase goats (male and female goats) for a breeding program. You should take care while purchasing female and the male goats for breeding program. Take veterinary professional with you so that he can help you to purchase strong, healthy and disease free breeding bucks.
In commercial Sarda goat farming business, both male and female goats should be kept separately in the house except at the time of breeding. In breeding program, it is very essential to understand the heat period. Symptoms of heat in goats include restless of animals along with abnormal discharges. Apart from this, most of the time goats try to be closer to other goats.
The suitable goat breeding ratio is 25:1. Maintain 1male goat for every 25 female goats. Otherwise it may lead to fight and abortions.
Housing for Sarda Goats
If you are setting up a commercial goat farm, you should build a secured and safe goat house. For stall-fed goat farming and open grazing, the housing requirements may be different. Choose a goat farm location far from forest areas and build a goat shed on an elevated areas. Secured fencing around the house and field should be built. This can prevent wild predators entering the house. The goat house can be a multi floored shelter. Based on your budget and total number of animals, you can build the area. The house roof can be built wit asbestos sheets and the flooring can be cemented and littered.
For breeding, you can build separate pens in the house. Keep the house floor always clean and dry. You can change the litter once in a while. This litter can be used as organic material for any agriculture crops. It is essential to clean and disinfect the entire goat house frequently to prevent disease spread in goat shed. If you are raising any other livestock in the same house, ensure to maintain separately from your goats.
Goat Care and Goat Farming Tips
- Buy the goats from certified animal breeders and avoid from local markets and individual sellers.
- You can wash all the animals in the house with hand and by using good soap (referred by veterinary professional).
- Supply good quality feed which contains minerals, trace elements, and proteins. These can help for quick weight gain and also results in good milk production. The supplemental feed is also needed for superior hair / fiber production.
- Never keep the goat house in wet conditions. make sure the goat house has good cross ventilation. This can prevent many diseases.
- Avoid feeding all the animals in the same feeding trays . keep separate feeders and drinkers in the house and this is very important especially in stall feed goat farming. Clean and keep dry these feeders and water trays in the house.
- Maintain standard feed management practices with utmost care.
- It is essential to keep changing the breeding male goats (Bucks) for each 2 to 3 years depending on their conditions.
- With a help of veterinary professional, carry out all required vaccinations for all the animals in the goat house.
- To spot any sick goats and find any abnormalities in animals, you should monitor all of the goats. Usually, you can observe limping, bloating, less food intake and fever.
- Isolate sick goats from regular flock, and keep them until they get treated.
- Sarda goats have horns, so watch out carefully so they will not damage each other by fighting.
- Frequent deworming should be carried out in all ages of goats with a help of veterinary doctor.
- It is a must to provide additional nutritional feed for pregnant goats, goat kids, breeding goats and lactating goats.
- All the animals in the house should be protected from all external and internal parasites. Speak to veterinary professional for eliminating these parasites in the farm.
- Onsite medical aid and vaccinations should be provided when it is needed. For this reason, frequent visiting of veterinary professional is required.
- In a breeding program, maintain a correct ratio of male and female goats. Usually it is 1:25 (for 1 male, there should be up to 25 females).
- Prevent all the goats jumping from walls or field to other fields. This can be achieved by having secured fencing round the goat house.
- All or any poisonous plants should be removed from the grazing area.
- Any ill, old and goats should be sent to slaughterhouse.
- Goat farming basics are important and you should know those before starting a commercial goat farming. You can take goat farming training classes from any goat breeding centers. Local animal husbandry is your point of contact for any knowledge base.
- Keep all the records of vaccinations and expenses particulars. This is very important can help you with your goat farming business plan.
- In case of dairy goat farming, all the milking equipment should be cleaned and kept dry to avoid any contamination.
- Never select a goat farm location close to forest, insecure and heavy rainy regions.
- Ensure there is a good transport facility for any veterinary help and marketing of goats.