Peacock Goat Characteristics and Profile Infromation

Peacock Goat.
Peacock Goat (Pic source Pinterest).

Introduction to Peacock Goat Breed:

The peacock Goat breed is native to the region of Graubünden and Upper Tessin (Switzerland). These are very popular for their milk. Until the year 1992, Peacock breed was not officially acknowledged. Now-a-days they are found in countries like Switzerland, Australia, and Germany. After the discovery, Peacock Goat was first named as striped goat. Peacock Goat is also known as gray-black-white goat, razza naz, mountain goat and gray-black goat. It is considered as an ancient goat breed. Due to error done by a journalist the name of this breed is changed from striped goat to Peacock Goat. These breeds have been raised in small numbers by the Switzerland farmers for many years.

Advantages of Peacock Goat Breed:

  • The amount which is invested on Peacock Goat farming during initial stages is very low.
  • Problems with housing and management of goats are very less as a Peacock Goat body is small in size.
  • Disposition of Peacock Goats is very friendly, they are cheaper to maintain and good-natured.
  • Occupation of Peacock Goat farming is more profitable and can be done either in small or large farms.
  • Peacock Goats don’t need specific feed for consumption and they thrive well by consuming shrubs, kitchen waste, leaves, bushes, grains etc.
  • Meat of the Peacock Goat has more demand because it contains less fat.
  • The Agro – climate which ranges from arid dry to cold, dry or hot, humid is suitable for the survival of this breed.
  • Peacock Goats can be raised in sandy zones, plains, hilly tracts and at high altitudes also.
  • Aliments of Peacock Goats are very less and occur less frequently.
  • Milk of Peacock Goat has more protein and nutrient factors.
  • Milk from other animals may be sometimes harmful, but the Peacock Goat and other goat’s milk, don’t contain any allergic agents so is less harmful.
  • Peacock Goat milk is good for digestion; it sets a good appetite and helps in good digestion.
  • Peacock Goat can be milked number of times and is sometimes referred to as the walking refrigerator as it can store milk in itself.
  • The economical rate of goat is 2.5% more than the sheep rate.

Characteristics of Peacock Goat profile information:

  • The coat colour of Peacock Goat is black and white.
  • Hair of the Peacock Goat is thick and mid-length.
  • This Peacock Goat breed has large horns.
  • Over the eyes and base of the horn till the nose dark facial spots or stripes can be noticed. So, it was named as striped goat.
  • Inner part of the ears and the area surrounding the mouth of the goat are dark in colour.
  • Average weight of bucks (male goat) is 75 kg.
  • Average weight of the doe (female goat) is 56 kg.
  • The breed size is medium.
  • These can tolerate all varieties of climates.
  • They are known for their milk and meat production capacity.

Feed for Peacock Goat Breed:

Feed Management of Peacock Goat.
Feed Management of Peacock Goat (Pic source Wikimedia Commons).

We have heard a lot of times that they thrive well by eating anything, but that is not true always. There is a certain feed which can be fed to these animals in a proper schedule. There are certain food types that can be fed to the Peacock Goats so as to improve the health of the goat. A feed which can be given to the Peacock Goats are:

  • Hay
  • Chaffhaye
  • Grains

Food supplements:

  • Kelp meal
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Beet pulp
  • Baking soda
  • Black oil sunflower seeds
  • Loose minerals.

Health care of the Peacock Goat breed:

Regular vaccinations and medication against diseases should be administered in a proper way. The goat diseases that are commonly found in Peacock Goats are Blue tongue, Pests- des- Petits Ruminants (PPR), Sheep pox, and Tetanus.

Kids:

  • For kids regular physical exam should be done.
  • Nursing the baby goat should be maintained well.
  • Dip naval should be clinically cleaned.
  • Immunization should be done in 1 week, 1 month and 2 months time as required by the animal.

Adult goats:

  • Disease prevention should be done carefully in grown up Goats at regular intervals.
  • Vaccinations should be given annually.

Housing for Peacock Goat breed:

Peacock Goats can be raised in small or large housing areas, but the facilities of housing should be good so that there will be no inconvenience for the goats. The open house system is more suitable for goats to feed and water being supplied in troughs. There should be good ventilation and air circulation within the house/shelter.

Breeding in Peacock Goat breed:

For breeding of Peacock Goat the ratio of male and female should be 1:20. In-breeding should be avoided. In-breeding can be avoided by changing or replacing the males breeds once in two years.  Depending on the body condition breeding doe of indigenous breeds should be 18 to 24 months. Breeding season of Peacock Goats is from September to October, February to March and from May to June. Breeding age is 6-8 months.

Other Goat breeds Of India:

Malabari:

  • This breed is native to north Kerala.
  • The coat color of this breed varies from white to complete black.
  • The average weight of the mulbari breed at the time of birth is 1.6 kg.
  • Average weight of bucks in malabari breed is 39 kg.
  • Average weight of the doe in malabari breed is 31 kg.
  • The meat quality is average.
  • The Malabari goat yield of milk is 0.9 – 2.8 liters in a day.

Osmanabadi:

  • This breed is native to Maharashtra.
  • Mainly coat colour of this breed is black, white brown with spots occurring on the skin.
  • The average weight of the osmanabadi breed at the time of birth is 2.4 kg.
  • Average weight of buck in osmanabadi breed is 36 kg.
  • Average weight of doe in osmanabadi breed is 30 kg.
  • The meat quality is good.
  • Osmanabadi goat yields 3.5 litres of milk in a day.

Tellicherry:                                                       

  • This breed is native to north Kerala.
  • The coat color of this breed is black, white and purple.
  • Average weight of bucks in Tellicherry breed is 40-50 kg.
  • Average weight of the doe in Tellicherry breed is 30-40 kg.
  • The meat quality is good. They are purposely grown for their meat.
  • Tellicherry goat yields 1-2 litres of milk in a day.

Sirohi:

  • This breed is native to Rajasthan.
  • The coat color of this breed varies from brown, white and mixtures of colored patches.
  • The average weight of the Sirohi breed at the time of birth is 2.0 kg.
  • Average weight of bucks in Sirohi breed is 50 kg.
  • Average weight of doe in this breed is 23 kg.
  • The meat quality is average.

Beetal:

  • This breed is native to north Kerala.
  • Coat colour of this breed varies from white to complete black; black and brown and with white colour patches. It has coarse hair, which is very dense soft.
  • The average weight of the malabari breed at the time of birth is 1.6 kg.
  • Average weight of bucks in this breed is 39 kg.
  • Average weight of doe in this breed is 31 kg.
  • The meat quality is average.
  • Malabari goat yields 0.9 – 2.8 litres of milk in a day.

Barbari:

  • This breed is native to north Kerala.
  • Coat colour of this breed varies from white to complete black; black and brown and with white colour patches.
  • While the average weight of the barbari breed at the time of birth is 1.6 kg.
  • Average weight of bucks in this breed is 39 kg.
  • Average weight of doe in this breed is 31 kg.
  • The meat quality is average.
  • Yield of milk is 0.9 – 2.8 litres in a day.

Jamunapuri:

  • This breed is native to Uttar Pradesh.
  • Coat colour of this breed varies from white with black tan; black markings on neck and ears.
  • The average weight of the jamunapuri breed at the time of birth is 2-2.5 kg.
  • Average weight of bucks in this breed is 65-80 kg.
  • Average weight of doe in this breed is 45-60 kg.
  • The meat quality is average.
  • Yield of milk is 2-2.5 litres in a day.

These are the other remaining breed in the Indian goat breed category: Kanni Aadu, Kodi aadu, beetal, Black Bengal, Chegu, and Changthangi.

Exotic Goat breeds:

Sahelian goats:

  • Sahelian goats are native to the deserts of Nigeria.
  • The body coat of this goat is short and fine, white and black in colour with spots.
  • Body size is large when they are completely matured.
  • The ears are short and horizontal for both male and female.
  • Legs are medium to large in size.
  • Average weight of bucks is 25-30 kg.
  • The average weight of the doe is 20 – 25 kg.

Maradi goats:

  • These are popularly found in Sokoto area of Nigeria.
  • The coat of this breed is red in color, hence it produces good leather quality.
  • The average weight of both male and female is 20 – 30 kg.

African Dwarf goats:

  • This variety of breeds are popularly found in Nigerian zone.
  • Goats are small in size with short legs.
  • Coat of this breed varies from black to white and brown.
  • The height of this breed is 40 – 50 cm.
  • This breed will weigh 18 – 20 kg on an average after maturity.

Boer:

  • Bore breed is native to South Africa.
  • Coat of this breed near the neck is brown or black and the head is brown in colour.
  • The muscles of this breed are good and fertile.
  • The average weight of the buck is 130 kg.
  • The average weight of the doe is 80 kg.
  • The yield of milk is good in quality and quantity.

Toggenberg:

  • This breed originated from Switzerland.
  • Coat of this breed is brown or chocolate in colour.
  • The average weight of the buck is 130 kg.
  • The average weight of the doe is 80 kg.
  • The yield of milk is 2-2.5 litres per day.

These are some other remaining breeds in the exotic category, such as Saanen, Alpine, Anglo –Nubian, and Angora. 

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