Osmanabadi Goat Guide:
Introduction of Osmanabadi Goat:- Osmanabadi goats were originated in India and native to state of Maharashtra. This goat breeds are mainly found in Osmanabad, Ahamednagar, Latur, Parbhani, Sholapur and other surrounding areas of Maharashtra. Now Osmanabadi goats are spread in other states as well. Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka have good population of Osmanabadi goats. The best part of these goats is; they can easily able to adapt to any kind of weather/area in India. The other speciality of Osmanabadi goat breed is, they can fit in stall feeding, semi-stall feeding and open field grazing. The goat growers select these goats for meat purpose even they are suitable for dairy/milk production because of the taste and quality of meat. One can find pure line Osmanabadi goats for commercial breeding. The great reproductive system makes these goats to be on top across all other breeds in India.
Osmanabadi Goat Features:- The Osmanabadi goats are large in size and their coat colour varies, but 80% of its coat is in black colour and the rest are white, brown or spotted. 85 % of male goats are horned; female goats may be horned or poled.
Price of Osmanabadi Goat:- Price of Osmanabadi goat depends on gender of the goat, local markets and goat characteristics. On an average live weight of Osmanabadi goat cost 180 to 200 Rs per kg. Male goats (bucks) cost about 225 to 250 per kg. If you are buying for breeding purpose, they may cost little more. When they are bought as flock, negotiate for better price as they are good chances of getting at lower prices.
Osmanabadi Goat Height/Weight Chart:-
|Size of Goat||Male (Buck)||Female (Doe)|
|Body weight (kg)||34||32|
|Body length (cm)||68||66|
|Chest girth (cm)||72||71|
Osmanabadi Goat Breed Speciality:-
- Osmanabadi goats have an excellent reproductive capacity and producing milk.
- Osmanabadi goat breed usually gives a birth twice a year and gestation period is about 3 to 4 months. The best part is they have ability to give birth to twins, triplets and quadruplets.
- Osmanabadi goat yields about 1 to 2 liters of milk a day.
- After birth, goat kids need milk for at least a month from mother goat. First 10 days are very critical to feed the milk as this milk increases the immune power.
- Osmanabadi goats have high resistance against many seasonal diseases. Due to this fact, they have very good demand throughout India.
- Osmanabadi goat farming in Maharashtra is very common and one can get pure-line breeds.
- When it comes to fodder, these goats adapt to any kind of fodder quickly and locally grown green fodder, grains, vegetables can be fed to these. The feed cost in Osmanabadi goat farming is very less.
- The quantity of fodder intake depends on the age of the goat. However, on an average, each goat requires 3 to 4 kg of green fodder and 1 kg of dry fodder daily. Dry fodder includes any wastage from grain crops such as wheat, green gram, red gram, toor dal, maize (corn).
- Dry fodder is essential and must be given during lactation period for high yield of milk and kids growth.
- Goat kids of above 2 months require 1 kg of green fodder and 250 grams of dry fodder daily. Goat kids of above 6 months require 3 kg of green fodder and 500 to 600 grams of dry fodder.
- For nutrient requirement, one can buy this nutrient in the form of bricks in any veterinary stores. The lacting goats, growing goat kids require enough minerals and nutrients for quick body development. These goats need to be provided a fodder that contains high ratio of selenium, zinc, iron, iodine and vitamin ‘E’. These bricks (containing minerals) can be hanged in the goat shed, so these goats can lick these bricks. When you buy these bricks in veterinary shops, make sure to buy only for goats as sheep mineral/nutrient requirement is different.
- Providing fresh water is essential even though, the intake of water is very less. Generally, each goat requires an about half liter of water daily.
- Osmanabadi goat meat is very tasty and has good demand in the market. This goat meat is a rich source of protein and is low in fats.
- The dressing Percentage varies from 40 to 50.
- The skin obtained from Osmanabadi goats is having very good demand in the market due to its finest quality of leather.
Bottom Line: If you are planning for commercial goat farming, consider this breed as it has lots of potential to multiply the kidding in few years. However, success rate depends on many factors like feed/disease control/timely care management etc,.