Introduction to Nigora Goat Breed:
Nigora Goat Breed is an American breed. They are small – medium sized animals. These are used for dual purpose that is for both milk and fiber. Nigora goat breed was developed in the United States during early 1990’s as a cross breed variety of Nigerian dwarf buck and Angora doe. They are calm, amiable and laid back. Nigora goats are easy to handle.
Advantages of Nigora Goat Breed:
- Nigora Goat is a multi-purpose goat, as the animal produces milk, meat, fiber and manure.
- The basic advantage of this Nigora goat breed is to produce colorful fiber as well as milk.
- This Nigora goat has a friendly disposition, easily available in markets and cheaper to maintain.
- They can sustain in all types of climates and can also tolerate hot climate.
- Nigora goat is very social animal; they are easy to train, maintain and handle.
- Nigora goat has less occurrence of diseases.
Characteristics of Nigora Goat Breed:
- The height of the Nigora goat breed is around 19 – 29 inches.
- Eyes may be in gold, brown, blue or in combination of any two colors.
- Both the buck and doe are horned.
- Legs are wide, squarely set; feet are short, straight with a deep heel.
- This breed is found in many varieties.
- The head of the Nigora goat is blunt triangle in shape.
- Jaw is strong and straight.
- They are small – medium in size.
- The average weight of the Nigora Goat buck is 85 kg.
- The average weight of the Nigora Goat doe is 40 kg.
- The fiber is of three types; they are type A – angora type, type B – blended, type C – cashmere. These varieties differ as:
- The angora type fiber leans towards the mohair, characteristics of Angora
- Blended type is the most common form of cashmere fiber. Characteristics of both mohair and cashmere
- Cashmere fiber leans more toward the characteristics of cashmere.
Facts about Nigora Goat Breed:
- They are very healthy and strong.
- Temperament is very less and they are friendly nature.
- The first generation of this Nigora breed was generated by the cross – breed between the Nigerian Dwarf buck and Angora doe.
- In America and all over the globe the goats were the first domesticated animals.
- These goats don’t have teeth on their upper jaw.
- The goats have four stomachs, as they can store water and non-digested feed and also digest feed in different parts of the stomach.
- Their milk is popular all over the country.
Feed Management for Nigora Goat Breed:
The feed should be supplied to the goats throughout the year. Feed materials like a pasture, well-cured hay is most common items. In winter, some supplements should be added to the hay while feeding them. Supplements like loose mineral, kelp meal and apple cider vinegar should also be provided. The milking breeds should be fed with leguminous hay such as alfalfa in daily portions, but for the kids and bucks the feed is different; they should be fed with grains and milk only. Kids should be fed milk till 2- 3 months of their age. Salt and fresh water should be supplied to dairy goats along with the feed.
Health care of Nigora Goat Breed:
The health of goats should be checked regularly and any illness should be treated during the early stages. The pulse should range from 50 – 115 for 83 minutes. Respiration should range from 15 – 20 per 29 minutes. Body temperature must be 39.7 ˚C.
Housing of Nigora Goat Breed:
For Nigerian goat, depending on the stock density they can be reared in an open house or in a closed house, but the basic facilities like feed and water, ventilation, inlet and outlet for air, proper drainage, milk barn, proper fencing etc. should be provided similar to other goat breeds. The bed area of each goat should be around 15 square meters.
Breeding in Nigora Goat Breed:
The Nigora breed is a cross breed of Nigerian breed and Angora Breed. So the breed is named as Nig-ora. The word “Nig” was taken from Nigerian goat’s name and the word “ora” was taken from the Angora goat’s name. Here are the details by which the characteristic of Nigora breed differs. There are two types; heavy Nigora breed and light Nigora breed.
Heavy Nigora breed: In this breed, there will be a larger proportion of Angora properties when compared to Nigerian i.e. the breed achieves more characteristics of the Angora breed like dropping ears, heavy fleece etc.
Light Nigora breed: In this breed, there will be a large proportion of Nigerian properties when compared to Angora i.e. the breed achieves more characteristics of the Nigerian breed like erect ears, light fleece etc.
Care of Nigora Goat Breed:
Before farming or raising the Nigora Goats, the farmer should understand the care guidelines that should be followed for this breed. Nigora goats need some sort of care like proper nutrition, treatment for preventing diseases and worms, etc. As they are cable of tolerating all types of climatic conditions, they can easily be raised anywhere. The care should also be taken while the fleece is shorn; they may feel a chill and sometimes they may fall ill.
Tips for Nigora Goat Farming:
- The farmer should have good knowledge of farming these goats.
- The Nigora goats should be provided good facilities like feed, water, milk stand, proper drainage etc.
- For the Nigora goat good shelter should be constructed such that it can be strong in all climatic conditions.
- While purchasing the goats the farmer should buy both the buck and the doe.
- Prepare a proper marketing plan when they attian a slaughter age. In case of goat breeding, you can sell the breeds for good price at farm gate itself or you can send them to local goat market.