Mehsana Goat Farming:
Introduction of Mehsana Goat:- Mehsana goat breed is originated from the state of Gujarat, India. This breed name is derived from the place called “Mehsana” in Gujarat. One can find pure Mehsana goat breeds in Gujarat. These goats are mostly found in Gandhi Nagar, Mehsana, Ahmadabad, Banaskantha, Palanur districts of Gujarat and surrounding areas. Commercial goat farmers can consider this breed for dual purpose. Generally, the average size of Mehsana breed flock contains from 20 to 300 goats. However, even small size flocks of 2 to 5 also can be found in some areas. This goat breed can adapt itself easily to any kind of climate changes.
Purpose of Mehsana Goat Farming:- This breed is being raised for both milk and meat. This breed also does pretty well in fur/hair production.
Mehsana Goat Description /Conformation:- The Mehsana goats are medium to large sized hardy animals and the predominant colour of goat coat is black, with white spots at the base of the ear. The goat nose line is straight. This breed hair coat is long and shaggy. When it comes to ears, they are white, leaf-like and drooping. The tail of this goat is short and stays upward. Both male Mehsana and Female Mehsana goats gave horns which are curved upward and backward direction. The udder of Mehsana breed is well developed and the teats are large size and conical.
Mehsana Goat Breed Characteristics and Performance:-
- The female Mehsana goats will be ready for kidding at the age 600 to 625 days.
- Daily average milk production is up to 1.5 kg/day. At peak lactation, they may give up to 2 kg/day.
- Lactation duration of Mehsana is around 190 to 200 days.
- When it comes to reproduction, single are common (about 90%) and twinning is rare (10%).
- Mortality at pre-weaning is about 13 % and in adults is about 3%.
- Average hair yield per annum is around 210 grams.
|Goat Size (Avg)||Mehsana Male (Adult)||Mehsana Female (Adult)|
|Body weight (kg)||37||32|
|Body length (cm)||71||68|
|Height at Withers (cm)||80||74|
|Chest Girth (cm)||77||73|
Advantages of Mehsana Goat:- The following are the advantages of Mehsana goat breed.
- Mehsana goat is a dual-purpose breed (milk & meat). However it can also be raised for fur/hair production.
- Mehsana goat breed has high feed conversion (FCR) ratio.
- Fat content and proteins are good in Mehsana goat milk. Fat is about 2.5 to 3.0% and protein is about 2.5%.
- The matured Mehsana goat can reach the weight of 37 kg (adult male) and 32 kg (adult female).
- This goat breed can also be fed with jack leaves and coconut oil cakes to help in gaining the weight.
- This Mehsana breed will mature for first kidding at 600 to 625 days of age.
- The Mehsana female goats give milk up to 1.5 kg/ day (At peak lactation, they may give up to 2 kg/day).
- The lactation period of Mehsana goats is 190-200 days.
- This Mehsana goat breed gives 1 kid at a time in most of the birth cases. Twining is rare (only 10%).
- For best growth milk production of Mehsana goats, Alfalfa hay, Subabul, Lucerne, CO-3, CO-4, Barseem, Stylo, Dashrath, Hybrid Napier, African Tall, Sorghum, Molato, Gini Grass, corn silage, pellets, legumes and various types of green grasses can be used for daily fodder requirement.
- These goats are suitable for both open grazing and stall-fed.
- Mehsana goats can easily adapt to any kind of weather.
- These goat breeds are helpful in reducing un-employment in rural areas.
Mehsana Goat Farming Tips:- The following tips are for Mehsana goat farmers who wants to go for a small scale or large scale commercial goat farming business.
- Should prepare a proper goat farming business plan before implementing Mehsana goat farming business.
- For breeding purpose, select the Mehsana goats primarily on body size.
- Before starting the farm, watch you tube videos and read any articles related to Mehsana goat farming on the web.
- When you are planning for commercial Mehsana goat farming, visit nearest farms to know ins and outs of Mehsana goat characteristics and their management.
- Separate goat kids from adults immediately at birth and feed them pasteurized milk.
- Keep the Mehsana goat herd separated from sheep and cattle.
- Trim hooves at least four times yearly. Brush Mehsana goats when needed to remove loose hair and dirt that might contaminate the milk.
- Buy Mehsana goats only from certified animal breeders and avoid buying from unknown individuals as this may bring many unhealthy animals into your farm.
- For safety , make sure to have a fence around the farm/house.
- Make sure the Mehsana goat house has very good ventilation for fresh air and light.
- All Mehsana goats should be given proper initial vaccinations before entering into your farm.
- It is advised to have a veterinary doctor to examine the Mehsana goats on regular basis.
- Pregnant goats, newly born Mehsana kids should be provided with minerals and nutritious feed.
- Select quality Mehsana male goats and good reproductive Mehsana female goats for breeding.
- Pregnant Mehsana goats should be given special attention for healthy kidding.
- Timely vaccinations in Mehsana goats will reduce the mortality rate and result in great weight gain and milk production.
- Clean water and timely feeding is important in Mehsana goat farming.
- Milking machinery and equipment should be kept clean to avoid any contamination.
- Isolate the sick Mehsana goats from the goat flock as soon as possible.
- Making home grown silage will reduce the cost of feed in Mehsana goat farming.
- Should act quickly with any unexpected diseases in Mehsana goats.
- Mehsana Goat kids should be given a special care to ensure sufficient food and milk till they attain certain age and weight.
- Milking the female Mehsana goats twice a day is advisable especially before providing the fodder/feed.
- One should ensure better feeding and pasturing practices in Mehsana goat farming.
- Have a proper plan of marketing Mehsana goats. This plan should be prepared well before starting of Mehsana goat farming.
Breeding in Mehsana Goats:- If you are planning for commercial breeding of Mehsana goats, it is better to consider various factors when planning the breeding cycle.
- Fodder/Feed flow and feed availability.
- Natural estrus cycle of the Mehsana goats.
- Market cycle.
- Marketing date and personal management factors.
There are various factors which affect the reproduction percentage of the ewes which are listed below.
- Season of breeding.
- Age of Mehsana goat.
- Body mass of Mehsana
- Feed and nutrition.
Mass Mating in Mehsana Goat Farming:- Find the mating ration of male and female with local animal husbandry. (In most of the goat cases, it is 1 male (buck) per 25 to 30 does). One should make sure that the mating the young ewes happen separately from the mature ewes.
Single Mating in Mehsana Goat Farming:- Find the mating ratio of male and female with local animal husbandry (In most of the breeds, it is 1 male (buck) per 20 to 25 females (does). With regard to the above, it is very important to keep male goats in small shady camps during hot periods with a small amount of growing supplement and Male Mehsana goats should only be let loose among ewes during the evening. This system works particularly well in cases where goats are penned at night.
Artificial insemination in Mehsana Goat Farming:- Well, there is an option for artificial insemination in any goat breeding. For artificial insemination in Mehsana goats, contact local animal husbandry for more information.
Mehsana Goat Housing:- Proper goat housing is very important and should be secured when you are going for stall fed Mehsana goat farming. Wooden flooring is considered best for their house. The place selected for farming of Mehsana goats should be dry and free from any insect-pests and predators. The shed/house floor should be cleaned daily to make the goat house hygiene. Proper ventilation and airflow should be maintained for preventing any diseases. Supply of clean water to prevent from diseases is essential in Mehsana goat farming.
Mehsana Goat Price:- Goat price depends on many factors like breed, age, season and region. However, commercial breeders can bargain for best price. The Mehsana goats which are cross bred with local goats may cost less whereas pure bred goats cost more. If the goats are bought in flocks at local markets or in professional breeding centers, one can get cheaper prices. It is advised to buy from certified breeders. The following prices may change according to area, and time.
- Female goat price in India : Rs.275-300 kg (live weight) (pure breed).
- Male goat price in India/kg : Rs.300-375 kg (live weight) (pure breed).
- Goat kids of 1 year or less age: Rs.300-325/Kg (live weight) (pure breed).
Marketing of Mehsana Goats:- A proper goat business plan should ensure the profits in goat farming. Commercial goat farmers should have marketing plan for bulk goat sale. Goat farmers can also sell their goats in batches based on their age, weight. Local agents, meat shop owners can be contacted for regular supply of Mehsana goats.
Bottom Line of Mehsana Goat Farming:- Mehsana goat is an excellent breed for commercial milk and meat production.