Kiko Goat Farming:
Introduction of Kiko Goats:- The “Kiko” is a breed of meat goat from New Zealand where Kiko is a Maori word which means a “flesh” or “meat”. It is the breed created by cross-breeding New Zealand local goats with Anglo-Nubian, Toggenburg and Saanen breeds. The best part of these goats is “fast growth”, hardiness to survive in many climatic conditions and high feed conversion ratio (FCR). There is an association called “The American Kiko Goat Association” (AKGA) with this breed name. Let us discuss more about these goat performance and characteristics in this write-up. The scientific name of Kiko goat is “Capra aegagrus hircus”.
Purpose of Kiko Goat Farming:- These goats are reared and raised mainly for meat. This breed is also suitable for commercial goat farming business to obtain good profits.
Kiko Goats Description /Conformation:- Basically, Kiko goats are large size animals when compared to other goats and most of the Kiko goats are available in white colour though they can be found many other colors. Male Kiko and Female Kiko both have horns.
Kiko Goat Breed Characteristics and Performance:- The following are Kiko breed performance and characteristics.
- Kiko goats have larger litter size and more weaned litter weight.
- Kiko breed kids have faster growth and better doe survival (less mortality).
- Twinning is common in Kiko breed goats and triplets are also possible.
- The Kiko goats udder is well rounded, with good suspension, it does not hang below the hock, and both sides are functional. These goat teats are medium sized without deformities. The female Kiko produces enough milk to raise multiple kids.
- Kiko male goat (buck) weighs up to 80 kg and female (doe) weighs up to 55 kg.
Advantages of Kiko Goat:- The following are the advantages of Kiko goat breed.
- Kiko goats are an excellent meat breed.
- These goats are excellent foragers and gain weight very fast.
- Kiko goats are hardy and disease resistant breeds.
- The Kiko goat needs less de-worming, less hoof trimming, and less kidding problems.
- Kiko goat breed has high feed conversion (FCR) ratio.
- Kiko breed breed can also be fed with jack leaves and coconut oil cakes to help in gaining the weight.
- For best growth Kiko goats, Alfalfa hay, Sorghum, Molato, Gini Grass, corn silage, pellets, legumes and various types of green grasses can be used for daily fodder requirement.
- Kiko goats are suitable for both open grazing and stall feeding.
- Kiko goats can easily adapt to any kind of climatic conditions.
- Kiko goats are helpful in reducing unemployment in rural areas along with providing healthy and tasty meat.
Kiko Goat Farming Tips:- The following tips are for Kiko goat farmers who wants to go for a small scale or large scale commercial goat farming business.
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- Should prepare a proper goat farming business plan before implementing Kiko goat farming business.
- For breeding purpose, select the Kiko goats primarily on body size.
- Before starting the farm, watch you tube videos and read any articles related to Kiko goat farming on the web.
- Avoid any poisonous plants/ pasture/feed in the Kiko goat farming.
- When you are planning for commercial Kiko goat farming, visit nearest farms to know ins and outs of Kiko goat characteristics and their management.
- Separate goat kids from adults immediately at birth and feed them pasteurized milk.
- Keep the Kiko goat herd separated from sheep and cattle.
- Trim hooves at least four times yearly. Brush Kiko goats when needed to remove loose hair and dirt that might contaminate the milk.
- Buy Kiko goats only from certified animal breeders and avoid buying from unknown individuals as this may bring many unhealthy animals into your farm.
- For safety, make sure to have a fence around the goat farm/house.
- Make sure the Kiko goat house has very good ventilation for fresh air and light.
- All Kiko goats should be given proper initial vaccinations before entering into your farm.
- It is advised to have a veterinary doctor to examine the Kiko goats on regular basis.
- Pregnant goats, newly born Kiko kids should be provided with minerals and nutritious feed.
- Select quality Kiko male goats and good reproductive Kiko female goats for breeding.
- Pregnant Kiko goats should be given special attention for healthy kidding.
- Timely vaccinations in Kiko goats will reduce the mortality rate and result in great weight gain and milk production.
- Clean water and timely feeding is important in Kiko goat farming.
- Milking machinery and equipment should be kept clean to avoid any contamination in Kiko goat farming.
- Isolate the sick Kiko goats from the goat flock as soon as possible.
- Making home grown silage will reduce the cost of feed in Kiko goat farming.
- Should act quickly with any unexpected diseases in Kiko goats.
- Kiko Goat kids should be given a special care to ensure sufficient food and milk till they attain certain age and weight.
- Milking the female Kiko goats twice a day is advisable especially before providing the fodder/feed.
- One should ensure better feeding and pasturing practices in Kiko goat farming.
- Have a proper plan of marketing Kiko goats. This plan should be prepared well before starting of Kiko goat farming.
Breeding in Kiko Goats:- If you are planning for commercial breeding of Kiko goats, it is better to consider various factors when planning the breeding cycle.
- Fodder/Feed flow and feed availability.
- Natural estrus cycle of the Kiko goats.
- Market cycle.
- Marketing date and personal management factors.
There are various factors which affect the reproduction percentage of the ewes which are listed below.
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- Season of breeding.
- Age of Kiko goat.
- Body mass of Kiko
- Feed and nutrition.
Mass Mating in Kiko Goat Farming:- Find the mating ration of male and female with local animal husbandry. (In most of the goat cases, it is 1 male (buck) per 25 to 30 does). One should make sure that the mating the young ewes happen separately from the mature ewes.
Single Mating in Kiko Goat Farming:- Find the mating ratio of male and female with local animal husbandry (In most of the breeds, it is 1 male (buck) per 20 to 25 females (does). With regard to the above, it is very important to keep male goats in small shady camps during hot periods with a small amount of growing supplement and Male Kiko goats should only be let loose among ewes during the evening. This system works particularly well in cases where goats are penned at night.
Artificial insemination in Kiko Goat Farming:- Well, there is an option for artificial insemination in any goat breeding. For artificial insemination in Kiko goats, contact local animal husbandry for more information.
Kiko Goats Housing:- Proper goat housing is very important and should be secured when you are going for stall-fed Kiko goat farming. Wooden flooring is considered best for their house. The place selected for farming of Kiko goats should be dry and free from any insect-pests and predators. The shed/house floor should be cleaned daily to make the goat house hygiene. Proper ventilation and airflow should be maintained for preventing any diseases. Supply of clean water to prevent from diseases is essential in Kiko goat farming.
Kiko Goat Price:- Goat price depends on many factors like breed, age, season and region. However, commercial breeders can bargain for best price. The Kiko goats which are cross bred with local goats may cost less whereas pure bred goats cost more. If the goats are bought in flocks at local markets or in professional breeding centers, one can get cheaper prices. It is advised to buy from certified breeders. The following prices may change according to area, and time. The Kiko goats are cheaper than Boer goats and costlier than other goat breeds.
Marketing of Kiko Goats:- A proper goat business plan should ensure the profits in goat farming. Commercial Kiko goat farmers should have marketing plan for bulk goat sale. Goat farmers can also sell their goats in batches based on their age, weight. Local agents, meat shop owners can be contacted for regular supply of Kiko goats.
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Bottom Line of Kiko Breeds:- Kiko goat is an excellent breed for commercial meat production.