Jamunapari Goat Guide:
Introduction of Jamunapari Goat:- Jamunapari (Jamnapari) is one of the beautiful goats originated from Indian subcontinent. These goat breeds also have been imported to Indonesia where this breed became very popular and had commercial success. Basically, the name of “Jamunapari” goat was derived from the river “Jamuna” in the state of Uttar Pradesh (UP). These goats are also found in Bangladesh. This goat breed is reared for both milk and meat. However, it is more popular as dairy goat. This breed is one of the ancestors of the American Nubian goat breed. When it comes to Jamunapari behavior, during the winter, these goats spend more than 80% of their time in grazing and in summer, this falls to around 50%. Jamunapari goat breed browses on bushes, tree leaves or small plants and the top of grasses rather than typical ground grazing. Jamunapari goats are also called with different names like “Ram Sagol” and “Jamnapari”.
Jamunapari Goat Description:- The following are the characteristics of Jamunapari goat breeds found in India.
- Jamunapari goats are excellent dairy goats when compared to other goat breeds.
- When it comes to size, they are big animals and males are bigger than female goats.
- When it comes to coat colour, these goats are in white, black, yellow, brown or various mixed colours.
- The typical character of Jamunapari goat breed is a highly convex nose line with a tuft of hair known as ‘Roman Nose’ or parrot mouth appearance. Generally, the ears of this breed are very long, flat and drooping. Both male Jamunapari and female Jamunapari goats are horned with short and thin tail.
- The breed of this goat has very well developed udder round in shape with large conical teats.
- Usually, Jamunapari goat body is in good sheep well developed with long legs, pendulous ears and short & thin tail. This breed will have long hair in the thigh and back legs.
- The milk of Jamunapari goat is very tasty and healthy which contains about 5 to 6 % of fat.
- Generally, this goat breed has a pair of small sized horns which are curved to backwards.
- Long sized legs and ears. The ears are long and flat, curled and drooping.
- Usually, Jamunapari goats give birth to one kid in a year.
- Jamunapari goats love to graze in open space.
- This goat breed is very much suitable to dairy goat farming business when compared to other breeds in India.
- One can feed these goats with Barley, Jowar/Sorghum, Bajra, peanut grass, CO-1, CO-2 grasses for quick weight gain and good milk yield. Kids are raised by their mother for their three months of age. In this period they consume their mother’s milk and some other extra foods like green grasses, leaves. Silage can be made out of these green crops and can be used in dry time.
Purpose of Jamunapari Goat Farming:- Jamunapari goats are raised for both milk and meat. However, they are popularly known as dairy goats. They are very well suited for commercial dairy and meat farming. The best part of these goats is kidding percentage. Goat farmers can multiply these goats in short period of time as they can give birth to twins and triplets.
Jamunapari Goat Breed Features:- The following are some of the Jamunapari goat features.
|Size of the Goat (AVG)||Male (Buck)||Female (Doe)|
|Body Weight (kg)||50-60||40-50|
|Body Length (cm)||78||75|
|Chest Girth (cm)||80||75|
Performance of Jamunapari Goat:-The following shows the milk and kidding performance of Jamunapari goat breed.
- Milk: Average daily milk yield varies from 1.5 to 2.50 kg/ day with a total lactation yield of about 200 kg.
- Kidding: Usually, female Jamunapari goats (does) give a birth once a year, giving birth to single in 60% while twins in 45% cases. Triplets and quadruplets are common. The average age of first conception is 18 months.
Jamunapari Goat Farming Tips:- Commercial goat farmers can consider the following tips mentioned below.
- Prepare Jamunapari goat business plan or project report that includes initial investment, cost of shed/house, medical expenses, vaccination schedules, feeding plan, making own feed, and marketing strategy.
- If you are planning to buy in bulk (flock), search/inquire about nearest goat breed sellers so that transportation would be easy. Select disease fee and quality male and best reproductive female Jamunapari goats for better rearing.
- Negotiation with seller is very important as this can save lots of initial investment while buying in bulk.
- Another simple tip is, don’t buy as soon as you reach goat market (adda/santha). Browse for some time and try to negotiate before the market closes. This is the time the goat kid rearing people can dispose for minimal rate. Make them to believe that you are a real buyer.
- It is better to get a veterinary doctor with you so that diseases free goats can be selected. This makes you to avoid old goats/sick goats and can avoid medical charges.
- Before getting goats to your farm, dis-infect the farm and clean the house floor. If any vaccinations are advised at this stage, go for it.
- Once the goat flock arrive your farm, make sure all animals get initial vaccinations.
- Based on whether the Jamunapari goats are raised in stall fed /semi-stall fed or open grazing system, one can grow green fodder crops like subabul / lucerne/ maize to reduce the feed cost. As a rain fed crop, maize/corn can be grown to save the fodder cost.
- It is advised to grow green fodder crops like subabul / lucerne/ maize/wheat grass to reduce the feed cost. Feed cost plays major role in getting profits in any commercial goat farming.
- Make sure to market the Jamunapari goats in batch wise rather selling once at a time. If these goats are raised for milk, you should have good plan to market the goat milk.
- Timely vaccinations and routine examination play major role in successful Jamunapari goat farming.
- Separating sick animals from the flock will ensure the good health of other animals and reduce the goat loss.
- Prepare a proper feed plan as balanced nutrition/feed makes the goats to gain good weight in shorter period of time.
- Pregnant female goats and newly born kids should get more attention in terms of feed and health checkup.
- Clean the goat house any farm equipment like feeders/drinkers alternate days and make them dry all the time.
- In case of natural feed problem, make silage from green fodder crops like maize, hybrid grasses, Jowar, Bajra, so that this silage feed can be used at the time of drought period.
Jamunapari Goat Housing:- In case of commercial production of Jamunapari goats, they need a good housing with clean water facility. A room of 12 X 10 square feet will accommodate about 16 to 17 goats. Goat house can be made from the ground with wooden, bamboo or concrete poles. Try to keep the floor dry and make a proper ventilation system. Make a separate house for the male goats for breeding purpose.
Jamunapari Goat Price:- Generally, meat goat price varies from region to region. On an average, live weight of 1 kg Jamunapari goat meat costs about 225 to 250 Indian rupees for bucks (males), 200 to 225 Indian Rupees for does (females).
Bottom Line of Jamunapari Goat Farming:- One can get decent profits in Jamunapari goat farming with proper business plan and marketing strategy. As these goats can be reared as dairy goats and meat goats, it’s an excellent option for goat growers to select this breed for commercial goat farming.