Goat Farming In Philippines:
The following article is all about Goat Farming in Philippines.
Introduction to Goat Farming in Philippines:
Goat Farming in Philippines or Goat raising is one of the very simple, low-cost food production endeavors that a Filipino can get involved in and goat is considered as poor man’s cow. In the Philippines, more and more people are now raising goats — in their farms, in their backyards, as well as in their ranches! Records from the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development revealed the number of goats in the Philippines has been increasing consistently. Unlike in other countries in the world, only a few Filipinos raise goats on a big scale and Goat production is economically valuable for the Philippines. Central Visayas has the most number of goats, accounting for 15 percent of the total, according to the University of Asia and the Pacific. Goats require low maintenance since they consume tree leaves, weeds, grasses, and agricultural by-products. Popularizing goat milk consumption nationally would drastically cut a large number of foreign exchange being spent by the country annually to fill the domestic demand for milk and its by-products. The new improved breed could be produced from the crossing of Philippine Native goat breeds with Anglo Nubian and Boer breeds.
The Philippine dairy industry — though considered a vital component of the country’s economic and nutritional development — remains undeveloped. In Mindanao, goat farming is considered a sunshine industry as there is also a massive demand in the international market, particularly the Middle East apart from local consumption. Native goats in the Philippines have a relatively smaller size than other strains and cross-breeding with Boer and Anglo Nubian breeds are achieving animals that produce more meat and develop quicker. Goat farming in Philippines is ideal in the uplands where there is lots of leguminous crops including hybrid fodders and grasses are grown.
Advantages of Goat Farming in Philippines:
- Aside from providing a steady income in the milk and earnings of breeding stocks, goat manure is a great input for growing plants used as organic fertilizer.
- Goat farming in the Philippines requires only a small starting capital to start with.
- More goats could be raised per hectare than cattle; they also multiply quicker than cattle.
- Goat meat has proven to be lower in saturated fat than chicken, pork, and beef, low in cholesterol, but higher in protein.
- As goat production requires low initial investment and small risks in comparison to other livestock.
- Goats are multi-purpose animals and used in meat, milk, skin and fiber production.
- Goats are easy to train and handle and may be raised together with other livestock.Goats can cut down garbage by eating food scraps.
- Goats are hardy and will adapt to the majority of the climatic conditions.
- Goats get fewer diseases when compared to other livestock.
- Some goats could be raised as pets as well.
- In comparison to cattle, goats require little soil, replicate quickly, and have the ability to feed on a wide range of forages.
- Goat Farmers can benefit from selling milk and manure.
- Goats could eat weeds in the field so that the land would be apparent from all trees and plants for crop growing.
- Women and children may raise the goats, making it a sensible option to augment the country’s programs on livelihood.
- Goat farming in the Philippines can reduce the unemployment in rural areas.
- Goats don’t require any marketing, folks can purchase goats at your farm gate.
Commercial Goat Farming in Philippines:
Commercial goat farming is gradually gaining popularity due to its high demand and good economic prospects. You have to prepare a commercial goat farming business plan before starting it on a big scale. For commercial or large-scale operation, the production inputs required are.
- The fixed investment includes property, ranch home, warehouses, pasture space, water pump, feeding trough, spade, wheelbarrow, and ropes.
- You need to purchase breeding does and breeding bucks. Fixed and seasonal labour is also required
Breeds for Goat Farming in Philippines:
One of the goats raised by many Filipino farmers would be the Philippine strain (also referred to as the frequent goat) and also the Dadiangas goat (which originated from General Santos City ). Some farmers will also be raising exotic strains, which include Anglo-Nubian, Toggenburg, Saanen, French Alpine, and Boer.
Selection of Location for Goat Farming in Philippines:
Check if the land area is fit for goat raising business in the Philippines.
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Check if the land area is fit for goat raising business in the Philippines. Some strains of goats prefer to grow nicely in a compact climate. The Southern goat breeds, on the other hand, are comfy in drier climates. Consider also the community if eating goat milk is a daily practice. Muslims is one of the groups that belong to this. Consider the local market at which you may sell your goods easily.
If you are from the urban area, you should consult your regional government or animal husbandry to find out whether they allow goat raising. The landlord and homeowner association also needs to be taken into consideration while setting up a goat farm business.
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Goat Breed Selection for Goat Farming in Philippines:
Knowing the specific strain of goats for the sort of goat farming business you intend to establish is important. Take notice that goat farm has to be operated depending on the strain and use. There are strains which are best for milk production, along with other strains provide rich goat milk, while some bands may be used for the production of fiber. The following points will also be essential for selecting goats:
- The number of goats: Like sheep, goats are social animals and prefer to live in herds. They’d attempt to escape if kept alone, in the worst instance, uncooperative to its caretakers. Therefore, this will indicate that one wants to purchase over two goats. As a start-up entrepreneur, purchase two does and cover for breeding of your does to bucks in a different goat farm.
- Age of goats: Younger Bucklings are more economical in comparison to older ones. Eight months old kid requires one to two years until it could be consumed, create milk, or be sold as meat. A grownup goat is the most affordable option, but be sure that farmers are selling milk out of the quality of goat you desire.
Health Management for Goat Farming in Philippines:
Keeping track of goats health and assigning a veterinary doctor is very important and this results in great reduction of mortality. Timely vaccination schedule has to be followed. Newly born goat kids and pregnant goats should be provided with additional feed and care. All sick goats should be isolated from the flock and treated.
Goat House Management for Goat Farming in Philippines:
The goat house should be secured from all predators and needs to keep the floor clean and dry. Proper ventilation and air flow should be ensured while constructing a goat house. Feeders and drinkers should be provided as per requirement. Ensure clean water supply throughout the day. All milking equipment and other any materials should be cleaned on daily basis to avoid any contamination.
Goat Fodder Management for Goat Farming in Philippines:
Apart from providing regular goat feed, they should be supplied with minerals and nutrients for fast growth and weight gain. Goat Feeding depends on many factors such as age, stage (newborn or pregnant goat) and breed and purpose. You can grow green fodder for goats by using the goat manure to avoid goat feed cost.
Tips for Goat Farming in Philippines:
- Negotiate goat price when you buy in bulk.
- Buy goat breeds only from certified animal breeding centers.
- Have veterinary doctor with you while buying goats. This can help you select healthy goats.
- Vaccinate all the newly bought goats if necessary, before entering into your farm.
- Goat kids and Pregnant goats need more attention.
- Never allow goats to jump from the farm and fence the house with a good fence.
- Complete all the required vaccinations as per your veterinary doctor.
- Some plants are poisonous to goats, remove such kind of plants from the field.
- If you find any disease in goat, isolate immediately from the group until it gets treated.
- Never allow male goats and female goats together except in breeding times.
- Usually, Every 25 female goats require 1 male goat hence avoid keeping too many male goats.
- Keep selling old and unproductive goats.
- Never mix with new goats with the old flock at least for 40 days.
- Daily monitoring of goats is needed to find any abnormality in feeding or movement.
- Avoid any middle agent to buy goats or even sell goats.
- Build a marketing strategy for direct goat sale or goat milk.
Bottom Line of Goat Farming in Philippines: It’s one of the best businesses that you can fetch excellent profits in commercial Goat Farming in Philippines.
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