Goat Farming in West Bengal:
The following is all about Goat Farming in West Bengal.
Importance of Goat Farming in West Bengal
The climate and terrain for goat farming in West Bengal are excellent and very well suited. There are lots areas and hills suitable for open grazing method. There are many parts of rural areas in West Bengal where people still depend on goat farming for their livelihood. As we know goat is considered as “poor man’s cow”, goats are reared from small-scale open grazing to commercial stall-fed businesses. Goats in West Bengal are suited for intensive, semi-intensive as well open field rearing methods. Black Bengal goat is more dominated through the West Bengal State. This Black Bengal goat is good for both meat and skin production. To be successful in goat farming business in West Bengal, you must have a proper goat farming business plan based on your budget, and should dedicate your time and hard work. To start a commercial goat farming in West Bengal, you must have basic ideas of breeds and goat management practices. There are some goat farming training centers along with goat breed suppliers in West Bengal. It is advised to take some goat training classes before entering into commercial goat-rearing business. Do not expect quicker profits in goat farming, it’s a long-term business, and takes 2 to 3 years to see the profits. Let us discuss more about goat farming in West Bengal in upcoming sections.
Goat Rearing / Farming Systems in West Bengal / India
- Extensive goat rearing system.
- Stall-fed and intensive goat rearing system.
- Semi-intensive goat rearing system.
- Integrated goat farming with cropping or fishery system.
Advantages and Benefits of Goat Farming in West Bengal
- Goats are multi-utility animals and can be reared for meat, milk, and skin.
- Goat manure is excellent for growing other fodder crops or agricultural crops. It has good demand in an organic farming sector as well.
- Goat farming in West Bengal requires low capital than setting up any other commercial livestock business.
- Goat farming in West Bengal plays a role in the local economy and helps in creating employment to youth and it also helps in establishing cottage industries based on meat and milk products.
- Goats have few management problems than other livestock as these animals have small body size and docile nature.
- Goat farming can be started on a small scale or large scale depending upon your budget.
- You can get cheap labor in West Bengal for a seasonal and permanent purpose.
- Goats can be raised along with other animals without any problems.
- Goats do not require heavy infrastructure, you can start even from a hut.
- Goats can produce multiple kids in a single birth, hence your farm animals become multiplied in short period of time.
- Goats have a quicker maturity age of 10 to 12 months and short gestation period (14 to 15 months).
- There are many dairy goat breeds and meat goat breeds available in West Bengal to choose based on your business model.
- Goats are hardy in nature and can adapt any adverse climatic conditions.
- Goat farming fewer problems especially in drought-prone regions than any other livestock.
- In commercial goat farming, both does (females) and bucks (males) have the same value. This is not true in larger animal commercial business.
- Goats are an ideal fit for mixed species grazing and they can feed on wide variety of trees, thorny bushes, weeds, crop residues, and agricultural by-products.
- Under proper goat management practices, they can improve and maintain grazing areas. They will help in reducing bush encroachments.
- Goat meat is preferred among all regions and races. Hence, chevon (goat meat) has very good demand all around the year.
- The goat meat is a good source of protein and considered as lean meat (less fat) than any other red meats.
- If you are considering dairy goats, goat milk can be sold for a good price as it best option over cow milk due to easy digestion factor.
- Goat farming in West Bengal is 2.5 times more economical than sheep farming on free range grazing under semi-arid conditions.
- Dairy goats can be milked a number of times in a day thus goat is termed as walking refrigerator.
- Slaughtering, dressing operations and disposal of goat meat can be carried out without many environmental issues.
- Goat farming has a significant contribution to economically weaker sections of West Bengal state.
Management Practices of Goat Farming in West Bengal
Housing / Shed Management for Goat Farming in West Bengal
- Construct goat shed /housing in a dry and elevated area.
- Avoid goat housing in areas where waterlogging is possible.
- You can build goat shed with multi-level for securing from snakes and easy maintenance.
- The flooring of goat shed can be constructed of wood or cement.
- The size or dimension of goat shed depends on a number of goats you are trying to bring in.
- Consider building the goat shed roof with asbestos sheets for more security.
- Construct a goat shed with at least 10 feet high walls with good cross-ventilation.
- You can build individual pens in the shed for males, females, and kids.
- Sprinkle the water on shed roof and provide proper shade and cooling environment especially during summer.
- As part of shed construction, ensure to build any channels to dispose of goat dung and urine properly.
- Make sure to provide enough space for each goat in the shed for free movement.
- It is not advised to mix the goats with other livestock. And also, avoid overstocking /crowding in the shed. This is very much essential in intensive commercial goat farming in West Bengal.
- Build a feed room attached to the goat shed for easy feeding operations and silage storage.
- It is essential to have a secured fencing around the shed to prevent predators such as wild dogs, or any other wild animals.
- Keep the goat shed always clean and dry. Try to carry any disinfection operations throughout the shed once in a while on regular basis.
Selection of Goat Breeds and Management in West Bengal
- Purchase the goat stock from a certified animal breeder only and avoid buying the goats from individual sellers and local markets.
- Consider buying good goat health and good physical featured goats with the help of a veterinary doctor.
- For commercial goat farming in West Bengal, purchase goats of 10 to 11 months of age. Do not buy too young goats as the mortality rate would be high. Avoid sick and old goats as well.
- Purchase goats from breeding centers which are ready to breed and in prime stage of production.
- Identification can be done with ear tags on newly purchased goats.
- With help of a veterinary doctor, find out whether newly purchased stock needs any vaccination and medications.
- Keep the newly purchased goat stock under observation for about 2 to 3 weeks and then mix them with the existing group of goats or other animals in the farm.
- Sick, old and unproductive goats must be culled promptly and have to be replaced with a new stock of goats.
- Goats should be bred at the interval of 8 to 9 months for getting maximum production.
- Cull the old goat’s age of 6 years and above.
- Avoid the kidding during peak summers and winters as mortality rate may increase in newborn goat kids.
- Change the breeding buck for every 3 years and get new ones.
Some of the goat breeds you can think of for starting a goat farm in West Bengal.
- Black Bengal goats (very popular in West Bengal).
- Kota goats.
- African Boer goats.
- Saanen goats.
- Assam hill goats.
- Ganjam goats.
Feed Management of Goat Farming in West Bengal
- In case of open filed grazing make sure Bushes/shrubs for browsing of goats.
- Homegrown fodder crops are very useful in intensive/stall-fed goat farming in West Bengal. You can avoid feed cost by preparing your own silage from green fodder crops.
- Goats require dry fodder as part of regular diet apart from grazing.
- You should ensure 2/3rd of the goat’s energy requirement is met through roughages.
- 1/2 (Half) of the roughages may be leguminous green fodder crops and remaining 1/2 (half) can be grasses or tree leaves.
- In case of goat fattening or along with daily green fodder requirement, concentrate feed must be included for quick weight gain and healthy growth in commercial goat farming of West Bengal.
- Immediately after birth goat kid should get colostrum from the mother and newly born kids should be fed with colostrum up to 5 days of age. After that, the kids can be put on goat kid starter feed rations and up to 60 days, goat kids may be provided does (female goat) milk at the rate of 1/10th of their body weight.
- Green leguminous fodder crops should be given to goat kids from 15 days of birth onwards.
- Provide salt and fresh drinking water to kids at all the time. You can purchase salt cubes/ mineral mix cubes in the market. For more information, talk to your veterinary professional.
- Breeding animals should be fed with more feeds and concentrates. Even breeding bucks feed intake should be increased.
|Feed/Fodder ingredients||Goat kid feed||Growing goat feed||Lactating goat feed||Pregnant goat feed|
|Total feed %||100||100||100||100|
Care and Health Management of Goat Farming in West Bengal
- It is good practice to monitor all the animals in the shed on a frequent basis for any abnormal activity. This may include reduced feed intake, limping, abnormal discharges, fever, swollen abdomen/gastric, or any other unusual behavior.
- You must isolate the sick goats from the healthy group until the sick goat got treated. As soon as you find something fishy, seek the nearest veterinary aid.
- Keep in mind that goat farming profits depend on how you control the diseases.
- Most of the diseases in goats are contagious, hence immediate segregation of animals are advised.
- Deworming is very important in commercial goat farming, it should be done once 2 to 3 months. Talk to your veterinary professional for deworming schedule in goats.
- Examine the feces of adult goats to detect eggs of internal parasites. These should be treated immediately with a help of the veterinary doctor.
- In case of intensive/semi-intensive/stall-fed commercial goat farming, ensure clean water with green fodder. Avoid feed contamination and don’t allow goats to pick the feed from another goat plate.
- Keep records of all vaccinations of all the animals in the shed and strictly adhere to recommended vaccinations.
Breeding Care of Goat farming in West Bengal
- Under good goat breeding practices, you must ensure to obtain at least 3 kiddings in 2 years.
- Maintain accurate male-female ratio in commercial goat breeding business. For every 25 female goats, 1 male goat is required in one breeding season.
- It is recommended to breed the goats 12 hours after the first symptoms of heat for maximum conception percentage.
- You may find some goats having trouble with getting pregnant, in that case, sell off those unproductive goats and replace them with new healthy female goats.
Pregnancy of Goats Care of Goat farming in West Bengal
- In an advanced stage of pregnancy, the does (female goats) must be placed in kidding pens built for this purpose or in any place allocated for kidding purpose within the main shed. Thoroughly disinfect the area where these goats are to be kept.
- After giving the birth to goat kids, the female goats should be provided with warm bran mash for two days.
Goat Kids Care & Management of Goat farming in West Bengal
- Care must be provided to protect newborn kids with guard rails.
- Make sure to treat and disinfect the navel cord of goat kid with tincture of iodine.
- Additional care is needed during first 60 days of birth in extreme weather conditions such as peak summers and cold winters.
- Dehorn the goat kids during first 15 days of age.
- All male goat kids in the shed should be castrated for better quality meat production.
- Vaccination schedules in goat kids should be done as per your veterinary professional instructions.
- Wean the kids at the age of 8 weeks (two months).
- Proper selection of goat kids on the basis of initial body weight & weaning weight should be initiated by maintaining appropriate records for replacing the culled adult goats as breeders.
- Additional concentrates and dry fodders should be provided for lactating goats.
Equipment needed for Goat Farming in West Bengal
- Water Troughs.
- Milking equipment.
- Any automated goat management machines
- Feeding troughs.
- Fencing materials.
- Other equipment like chaff cutters or feed cutters.
- Maintenance items.
Marketing of Goats in West Bengal
- Goats are highly demanded animals in the Indian market. It is very easy to sell your farm goats. It does not require extensive marketing. However, it is always better to avoid any middle agents. If you plan to supply in large numbers, talk to any hotels/event makers/chefs/slaughterhouses/agriculture farms. You can sell even as breeding goats. which can fetch you more profits. Hope you get good profits in goat farming in West Bengal.
Goat Farming Training in West Bengal
Training in Goat rearing & Artificial Insemination of Goats
Village P.O. : Harit
Dist: Hooghly, West Bengal.
Phone : +91 9331278983.
Goat Farming Equipment supplier
Saheba Goat Farm
Kanupur, West Bengal.
Phone: 087320 77555.