Goat Farming in Sri Lanka:
The following is all about goat farming in Sri Lanka.
Introduction to Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
Well, goat is known as poor man’s cow and became a very important component in the dry land farming system of Sri Lanka. As we know marginal or undulating lands are not suitable for other livestock business and it has been proved that goat is the best alternative in these situations. Sri Lankan typography and climatic conditions are very well suited for commercial and independent goat raising business. With very low investments and proper goat farming business plan, goat farming can be made into a profitable venture for small and marginal farmers in Sri Lanka. Goat farming in Sri Lanka has national importance as this business contributes a lot the economy. Goat farming in Sri Lanka rural areas can be reared with other livestock such as sheep and cattle. Most of the villages of Sri Lanka depends on goat farming for social security. You should be aware that the commercial goat farming in Sri Lanka requires goat management skills. It is advised to attend goat training courses and visit nearby goat farms in local areas of Sri Lanka for finding risks and other factors of goat farming in Sri Lanka. In order to be successful in this line of business, you must follow/learn certain steps. Let us discuss in detail about commercial goat farming in Sri Lanka in upcoming paragraphs.
Who Can Start the Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
- In fact, anybody who is interested in livestock farming.
- Most of the time, we find people with fewer lands or without lands show the interest.
- Who wants to start commercial goat farming in Sri Lanka as a business with a good investment.
- People having good grazing area for pasture can also start this business.
- People of Sri Lanka who wants to earn more along with other livestock business.
- Even women, unemployed people in Sri Lanka can go for this profitable goat farming.
- Who has the passion and dedicated time can obtain decent profits in goat farming.
Benefits and Advantages of starting Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
- There are many highly productive goat breeds throughout Sri Lanka which can yield good profits for meat and milk.
- Sri Lanka has beautiful climate along with green grazing lands for goat farming business.
- As always said that, goat farming business in Sri Lanka requires low investment and quick returns than other livestock business. This had been proven in most parts of the world.
- Goats can be raised easily with other livestock.
- Goats are considered as multi-utility animals meaning that goats can be raised for meat, milk, skin or fiber. Even goat manure is used in organic farming or growing other agriculture crops.
- Goats can produce excellent manure which can be used for growing any other agriculture crops.
- Goat farming set up is easy and maintenance of commercial goat farm is low than any other livestock such as dairy farming business or poultry farming business.
- You can start goat farming in Sri Lanka with a small shed and expand as your business grow.
- Goats can be raised under intensive/semi-intensive systems. The stall fed goat farming in Sri Lanka is proven as a profitable livestock business.
- The best part of commercial goat farming in Sri Lana is its high prolific rate.
- The best benefit of goat farming in Sri Lanka is, people who are raising goats can have a full-time job and also provide the space for local employment. This will decently reflect in the National economy of Sri Lanka.
- Most of the people are referencing goat meat as it low in fats than beef. Goat meat is a good source of proteins.
- Irrespective of religion, goat meat is preferred throughout the world.
- If you are into commercial goat farming, you don’t have to worry about goat marketing in Sri Lanka.
Goat Breeds in Sri Lanka
Major goat breeds raised in Sri Lanka for meat and milk are given below.
- Crosses of Jamunapari breed and Saanen breed (Kottukachchiya breed).
Other exotic breeds like Damascus goat breed, Alpine goat breed, Anglo-Nubian goat breed are also can be raised.
Selection of goats for breeding
Well, commercial goat farming success rate depends on the selection of goat breeds. You must know about the goat breeds and their characteristics before starting a commercial goat farming business in Sri Lanka. It is recommended to research local goat farms in Sri Lanka for best goat breeds.
Female goats selection (Does):
- It is always recommended to ensure good kidding percentage at least size a litter size of 2 to 3.
- Make sure the goats selected to your farm mature at 6 to 9 months of age.
Male goats selection (Bucks):
- Select male goats for breeding which are tall with a broad chest and slender body.
- Select male goats which can mature at age of 9 to 12 months.
- Have your vet for selecting healthy male goats. You should avoid sick and old goats.
- Brink goats with good body weight at 6 months of age to your farm.
Feed Management of Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
|Type of feed Ingredients||Goat kid feeding in grams||Growing goat feed in grams||Lactating goat feed in grams||Pregnant goat feed in grams|
|Mineral Mixtures/ Blocks||2.5||2||2||2|
|Total feed||100 grams||100 grams||100 grams||100 grams|
- Ensure to provide goat kids with 50 to100 grams of concentrate feed for first 9 weeks.
- In case of healthy growing goats, concentrate feed should be given as 125 grams to 150 grams daily for 3 to 10 months.
- Pregnant goats require good feed and case. You should increase feed intake up to 200 grams daily.
- Milking /Dairy goats producing 1 to 1.5 kg milk should be provided 300 to 325 grams of concentrated feed daily along with regular feeding.
- Copper-rich mineral blocks of 1000 to 1250 ppm should be given in the goat house by hanging these blocks for healthy growth and fast body weight gain of the goats.
Green Fodder Crops Suitable for Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
Goats prefer the following legume, cereal, and tree fodder crops.
- Hedge Lucerne.
- Fodder maize.
- Fodder sorghum
- Hybrid Napier.
- Para Grass.
- Blue buffel grass.
- Guinea grass.
- Sesbania (Agathi).
Breeding Management in Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
- For a profitable goat farming business in Sri Lanka, make sure to select a female goat which can produce 3 to 4 kidding in 2 years period.
- You must consider choosing goat breeds having faster growth rate and larger size.
- Make sure to select 1-year-old Does (female goats) are used for a breeding purpose.
- Does (female goats) should be bred after 90 days of kidding then only there will be 3 kids for 2 years.
- Generally, female goats come into heat or estrus for every 19 to 20 days and the heat will last for 2 to 3 days.
- How can we identify heat signs in goats?. Well, female goats become restless and constant tail wagging from side to side. Apart from this, the vulva discharge will appear. The vulvae of female goat can also be observed as lightly swollen and reddened. Usually, goats those are in heat will have less intake and an increased frequency of urination.
- You can start breeding the female goats 12 to 18 hours after the starting the heat symptoms.
- In some goats, the heat period will last up to 3 to 4 days. In this case, they should be bred again on a subsequent day.
- In goats, the gestation period is approximately 150 to 155 days.
- You should ensure that the deworming is done in female goats before the breeding process starts. You can identify the goats which are affected by worms very easily. They look dull and weak in appearance.
- You should also make sure that the goat kids are de-wormed at 30 days of age after birth. The life cycle of worms is 20 to 21 days, so de-worming again at 60 days of goat age is advised.
- Usually, pregnant female goats are de-wormed 15 to 20 days before the goat kidding starts.
- Female goats in early pregnancy (up to 60 days) should not be de-wormed to avoid abortion.
- In any livestock business, proper health care is essential to reduce the mortality rate. In any commercial goat farming of Sri Lanka, goat kids should be provided a 1st dose of Enterotoxaemia and Tetanus vaccination at 60 days (two months of age) and again at 90 days (three months) of age.
- Female goats should be provided with Enterotoxaemia and Tetanus vaccination 30 days to 40 days before the breeding season and 4 to 6 weeks before kidding.
- Bucks (male goats) are recommended to vaccinate with Enterotoxaemia and Tetanus once in a year.
- You should talk to your veterinary professional for recommended vaccinations for all animals in your goat farm.
Housing / Shelter for Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
Deep litter system of commercial goat farming
- You should build a secured and safe shelter for your goats on the farm. Depending on a number of animals, the size of the house should be built. Good and cross ventilation along with air flow should be considered while making the shelter for your goats. External fencing should be done for protecting animals in the house from external predators.
- You should ensure the litter height minimum at least 6 to 7 cm.
- Litter material of sawdust, paddy husk, and groundnut shell can be used. Place this litter material uniformly on the shed ground.
- The litter material on the shed floor should be turned periodically to prevent the foul smell in the goat shed.
- It is advised to change the litter material once in every 2 to 3 weeks.
- Generally, an adult goat requires about 15 sq.ft area for free movement in the shed.
- Care should be taken to prevent the farm from external parasitic infestation.
- Goat manure produced on the farm can be used for growing other agriculture crops or any green fodder crops.
- Wire mesh is advised to place about 3 to 4 feet from the shed ground level.
- Expect less parasitic infestation in this kind of goat farming method.
Raising methods of Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
- Prefer this type of goat raising method where grazing lands are limited. Usually, this method of raising goats include intensive feeding with green fodder crops and concentrate feeds after grazing. This includes both external grazing and intensive feeding in the house.
- In this method of goat raising, animals are fed with green fodder and concentrates in the shed. This is nothing but a stall-fed goat farming.
- No grazing is carried in this method.
- Goathouse maybe of deep litter system or raised platform system.
Insurance for Goat Farming in Sri Lanka
- In any commercial goat farming, to prevent any losses due to sudden disease spreads, All the goats must be insured through General Insurance companies.
- Insurance amounts can be claimed if the death of the goats occurs due to accidents or diseases.
Cost and Profits in Goat Farming Business
Profits in goat farming depend on many factors such as number goats, breed of goat, goat rearing methods, feed management, local demand for goat meat (chevon) and other farm management practices. Never expect profits in commercial goat farming business at least for 2 to 3 years as it is a time-consuming business. The investment required for setting up a goat farm also depends on the animal count.
Read here about Goat Fodder.
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