Goat Farming In Nepal:
The following is all about Goat Farming in Nepal.
Introduction To Goat Farming In Nepal
Anyone Who’s interested can Make good profits by going for A goat farming business. Many women and men in Nepal favour this livestock enterprise. Goat farming has been practiced by a large group of people in rural areas of Nepal. Goats are small to medium sized creatures and possess the capability to generate the effective amount of milk and meat which makes the chance of making more money. Special skills aren’t required to begin a goat farming in Nepal. But, it’s suggested to understand about goat basics along with its management before beginning commercial goat farming in Nepal. Largely, landless farmers do substantial scale goat farming. In rural regions of Nepal, it is possible to locate men, women and even kids raising goats. The goat products from Nepal have exceptional demand even in global markets. These days, goat farming in Nepal has been regarded as one of most rewarding business as the demand for meat is increasing. In Kathmandu itself, more than 25 tonnes of goat meat is consumed per day. More than 6 lakhs of goats are imported to Nepal from neighboring country (India) annually. There certain things ought to be bear in mind prior to beginning goat farming in Nepal.
There is a huge annual demand of goat meat (30%) in Nepal, however, the goat production is very less (only 1.5%). This makes an opportunity for profitable goat farming in Nepal. Goat farming is a long-term project and one shouldn’t expect immediate gains (at least for 3 years). Goat farming in Nepal requires investment for variable and fixed resources. You should prepare a proper goat business plan within your budget. Anticipate Some yields after two to three years after starting a goat farming in Nepal. Make sure you employ a good trained worker / labor to manage the goat farm. However, your dedication / observation and challenging work is needed for successful and rewarding Goat farming in Nepal. Goat farming is currently playing with an Substantial role in country’s Million tons of meat/skin and annual production of milk. You Can begin with low investment and gradually can turn into commercial farm model. Let’s talk about goat farming in Nepal in coming sections.
Advantages and Benefits of Goat Farming in Nepal
- Goats are easy to raise with other animals due to their friendly nature.
- Goats can be raised to produce meat, milk, skin/fiber and manure.
- Goat farming in Nepal requires low capital than poultry and dairy farming setup.
- Goat meat is nutritious, lean and has an excellent demand in both local and international markets.
- Goats are disease resistant and hardy animals and survives in adverse climatic conditions.
- Goat farming in Nepal is easy to maintain as women and old people can handle day to day activities on the farm.
- Goat milk is far better than cow milk and may get superior profits in milk goat farming in Nepal.
- Goat farming Nepal aid poor farmers and offers employment for some other men and women.
- Goats can provide numerous kids in single birth consequently number of creature in the farm could be multiplied at extremely fast pace.
- Goats can be raised even in backyard areas or in small areas.
- Goats can clean the area by feeding on plants, weeds and pasture.
- Goat manure may be employed to cultivate other farming plants.
- Skin of goats in Nepal has exceptional demand because of their quality.
- Goats could be adapted to local climatic conditions without any issues.
- In Goats, Reproduction procedure is early and gestation time period is less.
- Goat farming is a special and lucrative proven livestock business in Nepal.
- Goat farming in Nepal needs less labour when compared with milk and poultry farming.
- Goats occupy less floor area than cows, you no need to build heavy structures.
Who Can Start Goat Farming In Nepal
- Who wants to earn in commercial goat farming
- who don’t have much land
- who wants have part time work along with other livestock
- Who have good grazing an pasture areas.
How To Start a Goat Farming in Nepal
If you are planning to start a commercial goat farm in Nepal, Ensure to take some goat basics training. This training will be helpful in managing your farm. You can get an idea of goat breeds along with problems of goat farming. It is advised to visit nearest or local goat farms to know more about profitable goat breeds. You should prepare a business plan which should include breed to feed. You can order for any goat farming project report in Nepal to have a complete end-to-end goat business idea. You can also watch YouTube goat farming videos and download goat farming PDF documents.
Goat Farming / Rearing Systems in Nepal
- Intensive: In this system, goats are raised and fed within the house. This is nothing but stall-fed goat farming.
- Semi-intensive: In this system, Goats are fed in open pasture area and inside the house.
- Extensive: In this system, goats are completely confined to outdoor grazing.
Requirements of Commercial Goat Farming in Nepal
The following are the requirements and inputs for commercial goat farming in Nepal.
Fixed Investment of Goat Farming in Nepal
- Land for goat grazing (in case of semi-intensive and extensive methods)
- Goat house.
- Feed /Fodder room.
- Feed cutter for daily forage.
- Refrigerator for storing medicines and milk.
- Bore well / water tank for fresh water supply.
- Water pump.
- Milking equipment (for dairy goat farming).
- Feeding Trough.
- Weigh scale to monitor the goat weight periodically.
- Purchasing of Breeding female goats (Does).
- Purchasing of Breeding male goats (Bucks).
- Vaccinations, medicines and veterinary charges.
- Feed concentrate and other nutrition.
- Seasonal and fixed labour expenses.
- Maintenance and repairs of goat house, feed room, fences, equipment of electrical and mechanical.
- If you are growing green fodder crops, you may incur cultivation cost of the fodders.
- If you are planning for silage making, you may have to spend additionally.
Selection good goat breed plays a major role in successful goat farming in Nepal. It is better to have your veterinary professional while buying as he can direct your for better breed selection. You must avoid old, too young and sick animals. Never buy single goat as these are social animals.
How to Select Breeding Does (Female goats):
- Breeding Female goats should be purchased from a area with similar climatic conditions of yours so that that the animals can easily adjust to your farm conditions.
- Select a female goats with uniform and large teats for easy milking.
- Select the female goats with good appetite, and well formed pupils.
- Native Does (female goats) should not be less than 20 to 22 kg.
- Selected female goat udder should be palpated.
- It is not recommended to purchase female goats from local markets and individual sellers. Always purchase quality breeding goats from certified goat breeders.
- Avoid sick and old goats.
- Advised to have your veterinary doctor along with you at the time of goat breed selection.
How to Select Breeding Bucks (Male Goats):
- You Need to select at least 12 months old breeding buck.
- Male goats should posses good height and Great framework.
- You should check the farm documents to understand More about producing line, feeding habits.
- Ensure the bucks You’re buying came from high twinning production breeds.
- Male goats must be active and ready to breed in-heat doe.
- It’s recommended to change or replace bucks For every three years.
The following goat breeds are suitable for Nepal climatic conditions.
Indigenous goats of Nepal:
- Khari / Aule goats.
- Chyangra goats.
- Sinhal goats.
- Terai goats.
The following table is a % of indigenous goat population in Nepal.
|Breed of goat||Goat Population %|
Other Goats (Imported/Cross bread/Exotic)
- Boer goats.
- Jamunapari goats.
- Barbari goats.
- Kiko goats.
- Saanen goats.
- Toggenburg goats.
- Anglo-Nubian goats.
- Alpine goats.
Site Selection For Goat Farming In Nepal
- Must select the place which secure and has good road access, water and electricity resource.
- The goat farming site/house should be in elevated and less prune rain water areas.
- Location ought to be liberated of all types Threats from wild predators such street dogs, wolfs etc.
- It’s Far Better to be closer to any town or city So that veterinary service accesses will be simple.
- Ensure local area of has great labour for permanent or seasonal activities.
Goat Housing For Goat Farming In Nepal
Goat housing should be built on elevated area. You can use the material based on you funding. Goat shed walls must be 10 feet to 12 feet of elevation built with cement and brick. Guarantee that the house built east west direction for proper ventilation. Roof can be built with asbestos sheets. Avoid any rainwater or wetness from the shed and always maintain the temple house clean and dry. Generally, each goat requires a floor area of 10 to 12 square feet for easy movement. Goat shed /house should be constructed based on number of animals, number of feeders, drinkers, any additional items. Attached feed room or feed racks will offer easy accessibility for managing with feed. Shed floor can be built with cement covered with paddy husk or some other dry hay material to consume the goat urinals and provide good heat in winters.
You can also consider to build elevated flat types because goats love to rest with this sorts of places. Lighting should be supplied in goat house of barns during the evening. Goats usually consume around 35 percent of their day’s intake during the night when lights have been provided. The goat shed require outside fencing for preventing the goats from jumping to other fields. Barbed wire fencing is good enough for your need.
Breeding can be done by natural way buck mating or artificial Insemination.
Generally, female goats can reach puberty from 5 to 18 months. Consider the best breeding age is about 11 to 12 months. 1 male goat (Buck) is enough to breed with 25 female goats per year. Older bucks can cover up to 75/year. Always ensure male and female goat ratio in the as 1:25. The best breeding time is daily during oestrus. Goats have 155 days of gestation period.
The following are indication of heat symptoms in breeding goats.
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- If you observe abnormal mucus discharge from the vulva.
- Goats with frequent urination with uneasiness, lack of appetite and bleating.
- If Does (female goats) are trying to stay near the male goat.
Care Of Goat Farming In Nepal
Caring your goats in different stages of growth is vital for reducing mortality and disease spread. Newly born goat children nose and entire body should wiped with clean dry cloth in case of mother goat is unable to clean. After delivery of goat, then make sure the kid gets mommy’s milk (colostrum). If the goat kid is not taking colostrum, you can opt for bottle feeding. Mother goat should be given nutritious feed.
Breeding bucks should also be offered with great feed ration. Pregnant goats must be observed carefully till they get delivered. Any essential medication should be supplied according to veterinary doctor directions. Scheduled vaccinations must be carried out in most animals including regular deworming.
Feed Management for Goat Farming in Nepal
Feeding your goats on the farm together with nutritious feed is utmost tasks. With regular grazing, you should also make sure the feed consists of mineral cubes in the house for supplemental feed. Consider having proper dry matter in regular feed. Feed intake is different in goat kids, pregnant goats, breeding does and lactating goats.
Feed intake ought to be increased in accordance with the growth rate and weight reduction. Generally an adult goat may consume 5.5 kg to 6.5 kg of green fodder every day. It’s recommended to have at least 1 kg of dry fodder.
You can grow the below listed green fodder crops for goat farming in Nepal.
Legume Fodder crops:
- Hedge lucerne.
- Stylo grass.
Cereal Fodder crops:
Grass Fodder crops:
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- Hybrid Napier.
- Guinea grass.
- Para Grass.
- Blue buffalo grass.
Tree fodder crops:
If you are into stall-fed / intensive goat farming in Nepal, you can cut these fodder crops and make 1 inch pieces with the help of fodder cutting machine before providing to animals in the house. To feed goats in drought conditions, you can use maize and other fodder crops to make silage. This home grown silage serves as excellent feed and help in goat fattening process.
Tips For Goat Farming in Nepal
- Start with minimal goat numbers and Expand the farm When you get experience and confidence.
- Never mix bucks (male goats) with does (female goats) except in breeding times.
- You should select goats with 8 to 10 kg weight with at least 7 to 8 months of age.
- All needed vaccinations should be completed Well before entering the farm.
- Never let newly bought animals to mingle with old animals on the farm at least for a month.
- Have your veterinary professional to check the all the animals in the house on frequent basis.
- Observe the goats with their feeding habits And endurance for discovering any abnormalities.
- Maintain correct male female ration in the Farm that is 1:25 (for 25 female breeding goats, 1 male breeding goat should be provided).
- Sell of any unproductive and sick or older goats.
- Change the male goats for every three years and replace with new breeding goats.
- Provide clean and fresh water every day and do not Allow goats to feed out of one another’s plate.
- Vaccinations for any anticipated ailments along With regular ones ought to be done.
- You should always insure all the goats on the farm to cover from any loss due to diseases and accidents.
Goat Farming Training in Nepal
Some of the goat farming training and breeding centres in Nepal:
Bagmati Goat Seeds Pvt. Ltd.
Prithvi Hwy, Kewalpur 45100, Nepal.
Phone: +977 985-1060206.
Janakpur Goat Breeding & Research Center
Hokrella – Kapiya Rd,
Khairahani 44200, Nepal.
Phone: +977 985-1135607.
Jagatpur Agro Pvt Ltd
Birendra Way, Narayani 44200, Nepal.
Phone: +977 985-1053854.
Nepal Boer Goat Farm
Madi 44200, Nepal.
Phone: +977 985-5050231.
Ilam Goat Farm
Gajurmukhi 9, Tovang, LMP Road 12,
Gajurmukhi 4660, Nepal.
Phone: +977 981-8416593.
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Palpa 32509, Nepal.
Phone: +977 985-7065280.
Note: You can find out more about goat farming training and breed information with local Nepal Animal Husbandry department.