Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh:
Introduction to Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
Commercial goat farming in India has become very popular nowadays. As goat farming is a proven highly profitable small business idea so, the prevalence of the business is increasing rapidly in India. As the population of India is growing and generating a significant and growing demand for extra goat meat. The goat can play an important role in meeting these requirements. It is also among the best and recognized livestock management division in the country. A huge market demand and growing non-vegetarian lovers guarantee the rapid profitability and sustainability of goat farming business for long term. In India, the goats are among the primary meat producing animals. The majority of the people today prefer goat meat for consumption on regular basis. Goat meat has super demand especially during marriages and other festival seasons. Goat meat is also having excellent export market demand hence with a proper farming business plan, you can be successful in this sector. Along with meat manufacturing, goats are also quite acceptable for milk, fiber and skin production. They also create high-quality compost which helps to increase the crop yields. These animals have a great and important contribution to the rural economy. Many people get employment with this business especially in mountainous, semi-arid and arid areas of India. There are more than 35% goats among the whole livestock in the country. Andhra Pradesh is one of the wonderful states where you can find people with goat farming business mindset. Andhra Pradesh has excellent resources like land and water for successful goat farming business. Commercial goat farming in Andhra Pradesh is proven successful business. However, you cannot expect profits at least for 2 years. Along with the investment, you should have dedication, hard work to be a successful and profitable goat farmer. There are some goat farming subsidies and loans available from local government banks and central schemes from NABARD. You should prepare a goat farming project report with required technical parameters and submit to the NABARD/local Grameena bank for availing the loan. Most commercial goat farmers in Andhra Pradesh preferring stall-fed management system.
Advantages of Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh has good climatic conditions along with natural resources suitable for goat farming business.
- Goats require less space and management when compared to other livestock like cattle and poultry.
- Goats can be raised for multi-purpose to produce meat, milk, and skin (fiber).
- Goat farming in Andhra Pradesh requires less investment and easy set up compared to dairy farming business or poultry farming business.
- Goat meat is nutritious and has an excellent demand in Andhra and surrounding states.
- Commercial goat farming does not require extensive marketing skills as people can buy goats at your farm.
- Goats can have fewer diseases compared to chickens. They are hardy animals with good resistance power and easily adapt to local agro-climatic conditions.
- Goat farming in Andhra Pradesh required less maintenance. Women, children and old people can handle daily activities as goats are social animals.
- Goats are smaller in size but reach slaughter age at a faster rate.
- Goats can be raised with other livestock without any trouble.
- In case of commercial dairy goat farming, you can benefit from selling goat milk as goat milk is better than cow milk.
- Goat farming Andhra Pradesh help poor farmers and provides employment for other rural and urban people.
- In commercial goat farm, with a good breed, the number of animals can be multiplied in short period of time as goats can give multiple kids in a single birth.
- Goats can be raised as show goats. Most of the rural landless farmers raise their goats in backyards.
- In open grazing system, goats can clear the crop field by eating weeds, and plants.
- You can utilize goat manure to grow other agriculture crops or green fodder crops to use for feeding.
- Goat skin can fetch you good profits as well for export quality.
- Another advantage of goat is that the reproduction process starts early and gestation time frame is less.
- Commercial goat farming business is a unique and lucrative in Andhra Pradesh.
- Commercial goat farming in Andhra Pradesh requires less labour compared to dairy farming business and poultry farming business.
- Setting up a goat farming Andhra Pradesh is easy compared to other livestock businesses.
How To Start a Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
If you are planning for a commercial goat farm, try to take some goat training classes and learn goat basics with neighboring farms. Read goat farming project reports, watch goat videos on YouTube channel. Make sure you have enough goat farming knowledge before entering into this line of business.
These are the requirements/inputs for commercial goat farming business set up in Andhra Pradesh.
Fixed Investment Involved
- Land for shed and fodder growing.
- Goat shed/house.
- Goat feed room.
- Feed cutting machine.
- Milking Equipment.
- shed fences/land fences.
- Pasture area/grazing area.
- Water pump.
- Feeding Trough.
- Female goats (Breeding Does).
- Male goats (Breeding Bucks).
- Veterinary medicines, vaccines, and onsite doctor expenses.
- Feed supplements/nutrition.
- Labour: Fixed and seasonal.
- Repair and Maintenance of goat house, feed room, fences, equipment of electrical and mechanical.
Breeds Selection for Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
Choosing a right goat breed is very important and plays a major role in successful goat farming business in Andhra Pradesh. You need to decide on a farming model. If your intention is meat goat farming, you must go for good meat production breeds. In case of dairy goat business, select good dairy breeds with good milk yield. It is advised to take veterinary profession for selecting healthy goat breeds. You must avoid sick, old, too young animals. Never buy single goat as these are social animals. For a breeding purpose, multi-kidding goats and well built male goats are required.
How to select Female goats (Does):
- Does (female goats) should be bought from a region with similar agro-climatic conditions for easy adaptability of your farm.
- Select goats with good udder and teats for easy milking.
- Ensure the goats have a good appetite and well-formed pupils.
- Female goats should not be less than 20 kg in weight and should be around 8 to 10 months old.
- Never buy goats from local markets. For well managed and healthy goat breeds, shop around with certified and popular goat breeding farms.
- Buying at right age with right weight is very important. Before buying the breed find out its parent history as well.
How to select Male goats (Bucks):
- Choose at least 10 to 12 months old breeding buck.
- Does (male goats) should possess good height and great framework.
- Ask for farm records to know more about producing line and feeding habits of breeds.
- Make sure the bucks came from a female goat (does) with a high twinning percentage.
- Does (male goats) must be active and ready to breed in-heat of doe.
- It is advised to change or replace male goats (Bucks) for every 3 years.
The following goat breeds may be suitable for Andhra Pradesh agro-climatic conditions.
- Tellicherry goats.
- Osmanabadi goats.
- Jamunapari goats.
- Beetal goats.
Exotic goat breeds
- White Irish goats.
Location Selection for Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
- The location of goat farm should be in a secured and safe area. It is better to select a location closer to your home or have a good transportation facility.
- Make sure the selected farm location is free from all kinds of predators.
- The location should be accessible for any medical and other services.
- It is better to have the location where labour for permanent or seasonal activities is available.
Shed or Goat Housing for Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
Goat housing ought to be constructed in an elevated area. You should plant the goat house based on your financial plan. Goat shed walls should be at least 10 to 12 ft of height constructed with cement and brick. Make sure that the shed is built in an east-west direction to get good sunlight and air flow. The roof could be built with asbestos sheets. Steer clear of any rainwater or wetness in the shed and constantly keep the goat house clean and dry. Generally, each goat demands a floor area of 10 to 12 sq.feet for easy moving. Goat shed should be constructed depending on the number goats, the number of feeders, drinkers, every other additional equipment. Attached feed room or feed racks will provide easy access to managing feed effectively. The shed floor can be constructed with cement coated with paddy husk or some other sterile material to consume the goat urinals etc.. Build or provide separate pens for lactating and dry female goats, baby goats, and for breeding bucks. Verify the buck pen is observable to breeding does yet far enough to prevent any goat odor especially during milking. You could also consider building elevated flat forms because goats love to rest on this kind of places. Lighting should be provided in goat home of barns during the night. Goats usually consume up to 30 to 35 percent of the day’s intake during the night when lights are supplied. Barbed wire fencing is good enough for the purpose.
Breeding in Goat Farming
Breeding may be carried out by natural way of buck mating or Artificial Insemination.
Usually, Does (female goats) can reach puberty from 6 to 18 months. Consider the best breeding age is about 10 to 12 months. 1 Buck is good for 20 to 25 female goats for breeding the stock. The best breeding time is daily during oestrus. Goats have 154 days of a gestation period.
How do we know that goats are in heat? well, the following are the symptoms of heat.
- Mucus discharge from the vulva.
- Frequent urination with uneasiness, lack of appetite and bleating.
- If female goats are trying to get near the male goats.
Care in Goat Farming
Caring your goats in various phases of development is vital for reducing mortality and infection spread. Newborn baby goats nose and entire body ought to be wiped with sterile dry cloth in the event of mother goat are not able to do the task. After delivery of goat, ensure that the baby goat gets colostrum (mother’s milk). If the newborn baby goat isn’t taking colostrum, you can opt for bottle feeding. Good freed and other nutrients should be provided for recently delivered goats. Breeding bucks must also be offered with great feed ration. Pregnant goats must be observed carefully till they deliver a baby goat. Any essential medication ought to be supplied according to veterinary instructions. Scheduled vaccinations must be completed in most of the goats in the farm along with the regular de-worming process.
Feed / Fodder Management for Goat Farming in Andhra Pradesh
Feeding your goats with healthy food is one of the vital tasks on your farm. With routine grazing, you should also include mineral cubes in the shed for supplemental feed. Consider having an appropriate dry matter in the routine feed. Feed intake is different for baby goats, pregnant goats, breeding bucks, and lactating goats. Feed intake should be increased in accordance with the growth rate and weight gain. Generally, an adult goat may have 5 kg to 6.5 kg of green fodder/ day. The following green fodder plants can be grown for commercial goat farming in Andhra Pradesh.
Legume fodder crops:
- Cowpea / Lobia.
- Hedge lucerne.
Cereal fodder crops:
Grass fodder crops:
- Hybrid Napier.
- Guinea grass.
- Para Grass.
- Blue buffalo grass.
Tree fodder crops:
In case of stall-fed goat farming in Andhra Pradesh, you may cut these fodder crops and make 1-inch pieces by fodder cutting machine before feeding. Using corn/ maize or other legume crops, you can make silage and store it. This silage serves as an excellent feed and helps in goat fattening especially dry seasons.
Goat Farming Tips in Andhra Pradesh
- Never start goat farm with a high number of animals. Start with few goats and expand your farm as you gain experience and confidence.
- Avoid having male goats and female goats together in the shed especially night time. Allow bucks only during breeding times.
- Avoid purchasing too young or too old goats. Follow instructions of your veterinary professional while a transaction is being made.
- Any necessary vaccinations should be completed before getting them to your farm.
- Keep newly purchased goats in separate pens at least for 30 to 40 days to avoid any contamination with existing goats in the shed.
- Arrangements should be done with a veterinary doctor so that he can visit the farm every week to check all the animals for any abnormalities.
- You should make a habit of monitoring all the goats for their feeding habits and alertness. This can be a preventive measure of any abnormalities by providing appropriate treatment on time.
- Ensure you don’t put many male goats on the farm than the required number. The common male-female goat ratio is 1:25.
- Maintain records of goat management. and sell off any unproductive and sick or old goats as soon as possible.
- Change the male goats for every 3 years and replace with new healthy bucks.
- Provide clean and fresh water daily and don’t allow goats to feed on each other’s plate. In stall-fed goat farming, there will be a feed loss of 20%. Take appropriate measures to avoid any feed loss.
- Yearly vaccinations along with any other expected disease medications should be provided for all the goats on the farm.
Goat Farming Training in Andhra Pradesh
You can find out goat farming training and breed information with local Andhra Pradesh Animal Husbandry department.