Boer Goat Breed Guide:
Introduction of Boer Goat:-
When it comes to Boer breed, this goat breed was developed in South Africa in the early 1900s for meat production. The name “Boer” is derived from the Dutch word (Afrikaans) which means “farmer”. Generally, Boer goats are famous for their meat production and the commercial breeding of Boer goat is very much successful and the breeding season usually starts in august and runs through the month of December. Selecting a quality buck is more important for commercial meat production. Medium-sized does are normally preferred, as they produce the same number of kids, but require less feed to do so. Boer goat breeds are found in various parts of south India; Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Boer Goat Description:- Boer goats commonly have white bodies and distinctive brown heads. Some Boer goat breeds can be completely brown or white. Like the Nubian goat, they possess long, pendulous ears. They are noted for being docile, fast growing, and having high fertility rates. Does (females) are reported to have superior mothering skills as compared to other goat breeds.
Purpose of Boer Goat Farming:- Boer goats are grown primarily for meat.
Boer Goat Breed Characteristics:- The following chart shows the Boer goat characteristics.
|Size of Animal||Bucks (Males)||Does (Female)|
|Body Weight||70 kg||45 kg|
|Body Length||70 cm||50 cm|
Boer Breed Goat Advantages:- The following are the advantages of Boer goat breed.
- Boer goat breeds are adaptable to all types of climates from hot tropical to cold climates in the world.
- Boer goat breeds have fast growth and excellent feed conversion ratio and will gain heavy weight in short time with proper feed and nutrition.
- In Boer goats, one can expect high twinning percentage.
- The other advantage of these goats is that they can produces very good crossbred with local goats in India.
Boer Breed Goat Farming Tips:- The following tips are for goat farmers who just want to start a goat farm in small scale or large scale.
- When you are planning for commercial Boer goat farming, visit nearest farms to know ins and outs.
- Buy Boer goats only from certified animal breeders.
- Watch you tube videos and read any articles related to Boer goats.
- Select quality male goat and good reproductive female goat for breeding.
- Put a proper goat farming business plan before implementing goat farming business.
- Timely vaccinations in Boer goats will reduce the mortality and improve the output.
- Provide clean water and feed on time for proper growth.
- Isolate the sick animals from the goat flock as soon as possible.
- Act quickly with unexpected diseases.
- Have a proper plan of marketing Boer goats.
Boer Goat Breeding:- When you are planning for commercial breeding of Boer goats, It is better to consider various factors when planning the breeding cycle of Boer goats:
- Fodder flow and feed availability.
- Natural estrus cycle of the Boer goats.
- Market cycle.
- Marketing date and personal management factors.
The reproduction rate of Boer goats is one of the most beneficial characteristics for the meat producer. Twinning and lambing percentages of 175% to 200% are common. There are various factors which affect the reproduction percentage of the ewes which are listed below.
- Season of breeding.
- Age of animal.
- Body mass.
- Feed and nutrition.
- Mass mating: One male (ram) per 25 to 30 ewes. One should make sure that the mating the young ewes happen separately from the mature ewes.
- Single mating: One male (ram) per 45 to 50 ewes.
- With regard to the above, it is very important to keep male goats (rams) in small shady camps during hot periods with a small amount of growing supplement and Male Boer goats (rams) should only be let loose among ewes during the evening. This system works particularly well in cases where goats are penned at night.
- Artificial insemination: Insert sponge on day 1. Remove sponge on day 14 and inject 1/4 cc PMS on withdrawal during the active period of March to June or 1/2 cc PMS during July to February. Inseminate at 48, 60, 72 hours. Guard against synchronizing too many females (ewes) at a time. Female Boer goats (ewes) which are artificially inseminated on the same day usually give birth within a period of 5 to 7 days relatively to one another. Contact veterinary doctor for more information related artificial insemination in particular region. Make sure ewes are in good condition after artificial insemination to prevent from abortions. Well balanced nutrition in pregnant ewes will result in healthy kidding.
Boer Breed Goat Housing:- Housing should be secured especially, when you are going for stall fed Boer goat farming. The shed/house floor should be cleaned daily to make the house neat and clean. Proper ventilation is very important in Boer goat farming.
Boer Goat Price:- Boer goat are sold up to 1 lakh Indian rupees, depending on age and quality. However, commercial breeders can bargain for best price. The Boer goats which are cross bred with local goats may cost less.
Bottom Line of Boer Goat Farming:- It is an excellent breed for commercial meat and breeding. Goat farmers can get huge profits with this breed since these goats gain good weight in short period of time.
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