Introduction to Aspromonte Goat Breed:
This is one of the indigenous breed of the domestic goat. This belongs to the massif of the Aspromonte area. This breed is originated from the Italy. This goat breed is also named as Capra dell ‘Aspromonte. These goats are dual purpose as they produce both the meat and also the milk. This Aspromonte goat breed is the local breed of Italy. As an estimation, there are 3,444 goats in the Italy.
Characteristics of Aspromonte Goat Breed:
- The goat is medium stature with a straight profile.
- The withers of the goat will be 70 cm in length.
- The head of the goat is small in size.
- They have beard and also the horns.
- The hooves of the goat are long and dark.
- The skin of the goat is grey-black in color or pink in color.
- The hair type is long double coat and ruby.
- The hair colour of the goat is red in common, but it varies.
- The life span of a goat is average.
- The skin is fine and elastic.
- The lactation period of the goats is about 270 days approximately.
- The average weight of the male goat breed is 64 kg.
- The average weight of the female goat breed is 43 kg.
- The height of male goat is 73 cm.
- The height of female goat is 69cm.
Read: Boer Goat Breed Information.
Feed for Aspromonte Goat Breed:
Goats are known as ruminant animals as they function, multi – purposely. For goat profits in goat farming the feed management is one of the great secrets. The farmer should have basic knowledge of goats and goat farms to achieve success in the business easily. For goats the feed varies with different ages and also in different seasons, besides the natural feed goat should be provided with vitamins and minerals.
- Garden and Kitchen Scarp: For the goat the kitchen and garden scarp are the best diet. Kitchen scraps like orange peels, garlic peels, onion peels tomato ends and banana peels, etc. The waste cutting of the vegetables and fruits are used for feeding the goats. The goats can’t consume the egg shells so they should not be provided to the goats. Along with all these we should provide them some nutrients.
- Minerals: goats should be given additional supplements.
- Hay: Hay is one of the good sources of energy to the goats. Hay which doesn’t have the mold should be fed to the goats. Best and high quality of hay should be provided as a feed to the goats. Goats can consume all types of hay like from the cheap to the high quality hay. Hay which is weedy contain high amount of nutrients. hay is enriched with high mount of protein like clover, Lespedeza, and alfalfa.
- Pastures and Browsing: These are one of the most efficient and sources of energy and nutrients for the goats. They are enriched with high amount of proteins and energy. These help the goat in digestion and tastiness. These pastures are mixture of Bahia grass, grain, grass, clover, sorghum, Sudan grass, and millet.
- Grains: The kids and pregnant female goats should be fed with the creep feed and complementary feed. The grains that can be fed to the goats are barley, moil, rye, millets, and corn, etc. Cereal grains can be fed to provide the goat carbons or energy. In case of not finding the feed we can feed the goat upto 12 – 16 % course of grains. By providing the creep feed and complementary feed the weight of the goat can be improved.
- Vitamins: Additionally, vitamin should be provided to the goat along with the feed.
A feed which should not be fed to the goats are papers, cat feed and dog feed.
Housing for Aspromonte Goat Breed:
The housing of Aspromonte Goat is not at all a serious problem, as they can be accommodated in a small place. Goats should be provided with good facility and comforts. For the intensive system of production the goat housing system is most important. The aim of housing for the goats is to protect them from harsh animals, uneven climatic conditions and also for the security purposes.
- The comfort of the goat is most important factor for the goat housing.
- The rain water should never enter the farm.
- For taking rest, enough space is required.
- Almost in all the seasons the goats should be provided with warm water because the goats are afraid of cold water.
- The drainage of the farm should be maintained properly.
- The house should be clean and hygienic
- The floor should never be wet otherwise it may cause the goats to skid and get injured.
- The house should be good at ventilation and air inlet and outlet
Read: Goat Farming In India.
Advantages of Goat Farming:
- The milk of the goat is cheap but has high demand.
- The demand for the goat milk is higher than the cow milk.
- The milk of the goat will help us in good digestion and they are also nutritious.
- Goat milk has that capability to cure all the health problems like cough, asthma, diabetes etc.
- When the goats are small in size they get slaughtered at a young age.
- The maintenance of goats is very easy and cheap to maintain.
- The housing demands of the goat are also very few. As they don’t need a separate house as their can adjust with their owners happily or else with the other live stocks.
- The goats can tolerate hotter climate than the other live stocks.
- Goats are very social animals.
- These can be handled easily.
- Goats can be raised by the children, women, and also the agricultural labours.
- Goat also called as multi-purpose animals as they can produce many products unit of the investments like meat, milk and fiber.
- The goats are used in hilly areas for hauling light loads.
Essential Tips of Goat Farming for Beginners:
- The main and basic tip is to fix the investment which should be invested in the goat farming business.
- Some preparation should be done for starting the goat farming business.
- The housing should be prepared with as per the requirement the sheds and housing should be constructed, which is strong and can also go through uneven climatic conditions.
- The feed should be stored well as the requirement of the food will be more.
- While farming the goats, we need to select the best goat breed which is efficient with its meat and milk.
- In the farm there should be a first aid kit.
- To the farmers the goat should be the first and major priority.
- The farmer should have basic knowledge regarding the goat farms, farming and goats.
- The female goat is known as doe.
- The male goat is known as buck.
- The female kids are called as Doelings.
- The male kids are called as Bucklings.
- Goats belong to the herd.
- While selecting the breed we should have basic knowledge of good breed and good producing breed.
- The housing of goat should be constructed strongly so that it can tolerate all types of climates.
- While trading the goats the goat should be kept in a market where the goat gives high returns and the goat breed has high demand.