Introduction to Arapawa Goat Breed
This Arapawa Goat Breed is one of the rarest goat breeds of the world. The Arapawa Goat Breed is also known as New Zealand Arapawa Goat. These goats are dual purposed goats breed, as it produces both the milk and meat. This a feral breed of the domestic goat breeds. These are smaller breeds. These are found on the island of Arapawa of the Marlborough Sounds of New Zealand. The people widely believe that the goats are surviving remnant of the old English Goat Breed. This is a goat which attracts in equal measure with interest and also with the controversy. These goat breeds are introduced in late 1830 by European Settlers.
General Appearance of Arapawa Goat:
These are smaller than the modern milking oats; they are small, light framed as all their body parts are in balanced proportion in their body as per their size. The male ones in this breed have a heavier head, neck, and forequarters.
Characteristics of Arapawa Goat Breed:
- The face patters of the goats are distinctly patterned the face is long and narrow.
- There are brown or black strips over the face of the goat.
- The ears of the goat are placed on the upper part of the skull and they are small and expressive.
- The horns of the goat are symmetrical for the does in the goat breed the horns are up towards the back direction and the bucks horns are sweeping towards the back, curled outwards.
- The goats get matured in 24 months after their birth.
- The size of the female goat breed is 61 – 71 cm and the size of the male goat breed is 66 – 76 cm.
- The eyes of the goat breed are full of expression and they are very alert and bright. The iris is amber and the pupil is black in color.
- The neck and head are strong and the proportion of the length will be as per the size of the body. The head is wide.
- The goat beards are elegant.
- The ears of the goat are of pixie type when they folded them, they reach the eye level.
- The color of the body is predominantly brown, black and white in color.
- The coat of the goat is free from the debris and parasites.
- The front legs of the goat will be proportioned as per their body. The limbs are straight, storing and also well placed.
- The purpose of the goat is for both the milk and the meat.
- The average weight of the Buck is 57 kg.
- The average weight of the Doe is 27 – 36 kg.
- This Arapawa Goat Breed can tolerate all types of climate.
Feed for Arapawa Goat:
Hay: hay is one of the important sources of nutrients. The hay which is being fed to the goats should be of good quality. Weedy hay has a high amount of nutrients in it. The hays which can be fed to the goats are Lespedeza, alfalfa, and clover.
Pasture and Browsing: The pastures are also a good source of energy and also the nutrients. These goats contain a high amount of energy and also nutrients. These Pastures will improve the taste and also will improve the digestibility. The pastures that can be fed to the goats are like as follows grass, grain, millet, Bahia grass, millet, sorghum, and Sudan grass.
Vitamins: The vitamins which are required for the goats should be given like Vitamin c, vitamin D and Vitamin E.
Minerals: The minerals which are required for the goats should also be given to the goats.
Grain Feed: The grains can be given to the goats. The goats can be fed up to 12 – 16 % of the course. By this grain feed, the weight of the goat can be increased. The goats can also be fed with cereal grains which are a good source of energy and carbons. Goats can also feed the creep feed as complementary. The grains that can be feed are barley, corn, moil, oats, and rye.
Kitchen Scarp: The kitchen scrap like potato peels, tomato ends, orange peels, banana peels, garlic skins, etc. can be fed to the goats.
Legume Fodder crops:
- Hedge lucerne
- Skimmed milk powder
- Rice polish
- Broken rice
- Groundnut cake
The feed that can be fed to the goats is as follows dog feed, cat feed, and paper.
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Housing for Arapawa Goat Breed:
- The house should be constructed at a higher elevation so that the floods will not affect the house.
- The floor, which used on the farm, should also be dry.
- The drainage facility should be good on the farm.
- The goat house should dry and hygienic.
- Goat farm should get good ventilation.
- As the goats have the same requirements of human beings like growth and physical requirement so they need housing for their shelter.
- These goats should be protected from the harsh animals and also from the uneven climates that are inoculated with environmental stress.
- The number of labor is very less for the goat farm.
- The goat should get enough space so that they can take rest well.
- In the goat house, goat waste should also be collected on a daily basis.
- In every season, we need to give the goat the warm water as the goats are afraid of cold water.
Basic Requirements of Goat Housing:
- Proper drainage
- Food trough
- Milk barns
- Air inlet and outlet
- Good location for the farm/housing/sheds
- Food troughs
Breeding of Arapawa Goat Breed:
This breed is originated from the local breeds of New Zealand.
Advantages of Goat Farming:
- The goats are good grazers and also do well in the range environment.
- Goats are caused very less to the ailments.
- The goats have well digestibility.
- The initial investment of goat farming is very less.
- They can adjust to any type of climate.
- These goats do not have any religious taboos as they are accepted by all societies.
- The demand for the goat is very high.
- As well as, the goat products also have high demand.
Disadvantages of Goat Farming;
- The price of wool is very less.
- If the goats are attacked by disease and parasites then the rate of presence will be high.
- One who is starting the business should have minimum knowledge regarding the goats.
- One of the toughest tasks for the farmers is to take the goat for the grazing.
- The goat marketing is also one of the toughest tasks.
Essential Tips of Goat Farming Beginners:
- While buying goats, some precautions should be taken and while selecting the goat’s healthy goats should be selected.
- Before rising, the farmer should know the basics. A female goat is known as Doe, female babies are known as Doelings. The male goats are known as Bucks, male babies are known as Bucklings.
- Neutered males are known as Wether.
- Goats are known as social animals. These goats belong to the herd.
- The comforts and facilities for the goat must be effective and efficient.
- Housing for the goats should be constructed strong and good.
- Caring the goat properly by treatment, preventions, and timely nutrients.
- While rearing goats we should have some knowledge of rearing techniques.
- After removing the fleece from the goat, if they expose to cold climates they may fall ill, so they should be kept in warm conditions.
- At marketing time, the breeds should be traded in good markets.
- Goats should be facilitated with good facilities like water, feed, milk barn, fleece shearing barn, and proper drainage, etc.