Angora Goat Farming and Characteristics:
The following is all about Angora Goat Breed.
Introduction to Angora Goat Breed
Angora goats are originated in Turkey. Their name is driven from Ankara capital of Turkey. These goats resemble sheep and one should not confuse with the look. Angora goats are famous for their fleece. They have thick and curly coat similar to sheep coat. Angora goat breed is the only one which can produce a mohair (a sort of lustrous fiber) and this is being used in garment industry to manufacture sweaters. One Angora goat can produce 5 to 6 kg of mohair per year. These goats are not popular for meat and milk production and primarily raised for their hair. Angora goats are not prolific breeders and more prone to external parasites as their coats are denser. Angora goats are not that hardy animals and needs additional care during their initial days of birth. Angora goats should be fed with high nutritional feed/fodder since they have rapid hair growth. If these goats are provided with poor diet, the mohair growth will be impacted heavily. Angora goats are delicate in some stages especially after birth and after each shearing and Angora goats cannot withstand rain or cold temperatures. There is a great production of Angora goat breeds in the United States. They are also available in most parts of South Africa.
Angora Goat Characteristics / Profile
- When it comes to size and nature, they are very small sized goats when compared with other regular goat breeds. Angora goats are not so hardy in nature and needs good care during their initial growth after birth.
- A matured adult Angora goat can weigh up to 90 to 95 kg where as a female matures Angora goat can weigh up to 50 kg.
- The top mohair production countries of Angora goat are Turkey, USA, Argentina, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia.
- Angora goat coat color is available in multi-colors from white, red, tan, brown, gray, black and mix of these colors.
- Angora goat legs are short and ears are pendulous.
- Both male and female Angora goats have horns which are usually curved back.
- As we already mentioned that these goat breeds are mainly raised for fiber/wool/mohair, you can obtain about 6 kg of mohair from an adult male Angora goat and about 4 kg from an adult female Angora goats. The growth of the mohair depends on nutritional feed.
- Angora goats have short tails and, usually the tail is heal high.
- Angora goats have strong and straight back.
- Angora goat body is deep and their pelvis has s slight downward tilt.
- Angora goat produce long sized hair under good feed management. The hair measures about 15 cm to 25 cm.
- Angora goats are good for mohair production and recommended for commercial meat and milk production. The milk fat percentage is about 5.5%
- You can expect single kidding in Angora goat.
Feed Management of Angora Goat
Feed management is one of factors that hugely impacts the growth and profits in any goat farming business. Just like any other goat breeds Angora goats also can eat any green grasses, leaves, plants, maize/corn. These goats are wonderful at grazing and browsing the bushes. The natural roughage include leaves, shrubs, weeds and any other plants. For getting high quality mohair in commercial Angora goat raising, you must ensure proper nutritious diet. This diet should include minerals, vitamins, proteins, trace elements and energy (carbs). You have to make sure that the feed has at least 20 to 25% protein. These nutritious elements are essential for gaining weight as well as production of ling hair/fiber. This is also required for reproduction/breeding of Angora goats. Additional care should be taken with respect to input feed especially at the time breeding, pregnancy and post delivery. The feed amount and type of feed depends on age and stage of goats. Along with nutritious feed, you should be provide clean and fresh drinking water to keep the Angora goat healthy and disease free.
Breeding of Angora Goat
In general, Angora bucks (male goats) and are larger in size and weighs more when compared to Angora Does (female goats). Selecting good male Angora goat is important for breeding program. It is recommended to select strong, healthy and disease free male goats for breeding. In commercial Angora goat farming, breeding male goats should be kept separately from female goats except breeding times. However, it is very important to know the heat period in goats for breeding management. Proper breeding ratio for example, for every 20 female goats, 1 male goat should be maintained. You can expect a single goat kid in each birth.
Shelter/Housing of Angora Goat
To protect from wild weather and predators, there should be a secured and safe housing for Angora goats. They also need a housing especially in nights. Ensure proper shelter which has good ventilation. The shelter should be built on elevated area where heavy rains are expected. Housing can be build with proper walls and roof top. Separate pens should be built for breeding goats and newly born Angora goat kids. As Angora goat kids do not like wet conditions, it is very much important to keep the house floor dry and clean.
Angora Goat Care
- Buy Angora goats only from certified breeders and avoid any individual sellers and local markets.
- Make sure to clean the goat body frequently with hand washing soap.
- Avoid poor quality feed, the regular diet should have minerals, trace elements, proteins for proper body growth and quality hair production.
- The goat house should be kept clean and dry all the time, to prevent from unexpected diseases.
- Don’t allow all the goats to eat from the same feeding area.
- Additional care and good feed is essential for breeding bucks.
- Keep changing the breeding bucks for every 3 to 4 years.
- All required or mandatory vaccinations of goats should be provided.
- Monitor all the animals for any abnormal conditions such as discharges, bloating etc..
- Sick goats should be removed immediately from the herd and kept separately until they get treated.
- As both male Angora and female Angora goats have horn, watch out carefully so that they won’t harm each other.
- Deworming should be done in all animals with the help of veterinary doctor.
- Newly born goats have to be fed with colostrum at least for 7 to 10 days.
- Provide additional feed for pregnant goats, breeding goats, and lactating goats.
- These goats should be protected from all sorts of internal and external parasites. You can talk to veterinary professional for removing these parasites.
- Make sure veterinary doctor visits the farm on regular basis for any medical assistance of animals.
- Never allow more male goats for breeding than recommended.
- Fencing around the goat house should be built so that they will not jump out of the field.
- Any poisonous plants should be removed from the grazing area.
- Any sick, old and unproductive goats should be culled.
- If you are new, get some goat training from nearest animal husbandry.
- Keep the records of all vaccinations and growth details.
- Clean the feeding area regularly to avoid any contamination.
- The goat house should be built away from forest areas, heavy rain pruned areas.
- The goat house should have proper transport facility for any veterinary aid and marketing.