Introduction to Altai Mountain Goat Breed:
Let us get into complete infromation about Altai Mountain Goat.
This is one of the goat breed, which is originated in the Gorno – Altai region. In these areas these are the most common goat breeds. These goat breeds are developed in the years of 1994 – 1982. The estimated total population of an Altai Mountain breed is 9,900 in 1983. These are multi – purpose goat breeds as they produce milk, meat and also the meat id produced. But the wool is the primary requirement. These can be fed with pastures throughout the year. These were first introduced in the Altai Republic of the Altai Mountain. This is a cross breed. Their daily diet contains mainly grass and other plants. They keep grazing all the day constantly.
Characteristics of Altai Mountain Goat Breed:
- Altai Mountain Goat Breed is medium in size.
- The colour of the breed is black /brown in colour.
- This breed is horned; the horns are usually spiral up and the direction of the horn is towards back.
- The average weight of the Altai Mountain Buck is 70 kg.
- The average weight of the Altai Mountain Doe is 44 kg.
- This goat breed grows up to an age of 5.5 – 5 years.
- The guard hair is black in colour and the true wool hair is dark grey in colour.
- The diameter of the guard hair is 75 – 90 µm.
- The average diameter of adult goats is 16 – 17 µm.
- The average diameter of young goats is 15 – 16 µm.
- The wool yield of the male goat is 600 – 900 grams and the wool yield of the female goat is 450 – 600 grams.
Read: Winter Care of Goats.
Feed for Altai Mountain Goat Breed:
For any successful goat farming business, feed plays a major role. While raising the Altai Mountain Goat Breed they should have a feed conversion ratio as the feed is a very important for the goats. The growth and health of the goats completely depend upon the feed which can be given to the goats are:
- Grains: The goats can be fed up to 12 – 16 % of grain course and also the goat’s weight can be improved by feeding them the creep feed. The grains, which can be fed to the goats are rye, moil, oats and barley. To provide energy to the goats we can also feed them with cereal grains as it contains more energy portion.
- Kitchen Scarp: The kitchen scarp is one of the favorite foods for the goats, as they can have high digestibility, these kitchen scarp can be consumed. The kitchen scarp is like orange peels, tomato cuts, banana peels, onion peels, tomato ends and potato peels can be fed to the goats.
- Garden Scarp: The unwanted stems, weeds and dry leaves can be fed to the goat.
- Pasture and Browsing: The pastures are the main source of the nutrients, so they should be given to the goats. The pastures contain high amount of energy and protein. The goats have higher digestibility. The goats can be fed with pastures like Bahia grass, clover, grain, grass, Sudan grass, sorghum, and millets.
- Minerals: Additional minerals should be given to the goats.
- Vitamins: Additional vitamins should be given to the goats.
Housing for Altai Mountain Goat Breed:
Housing is very important in the intensive system of production. We should ensure the facilities and also the comforts for maximum amount of profits. For their growth and products the goats need some physiological requirement same like human beings. The main motive of protecting the goats and keeping them in goat housing is to protect them from harsh animals and also from the uneven climatic conditions.
- The goats don’t require bedding.
- The labour requirement for the housing is also less in number.
- Regularly the house should be cleaned and the floor should be dry.
- Goats waste should be collected immediately.
Basic requirements of the Goat Housing:
- Good location of housing / sheds
- Air inlet and outlet
- Proper drainage
- Milk barns
- Food troughs
Breeding of Altai Mountain Goat Breed:
This is a cross breed as it is produced by Don Goat, which is a good producer of wool.
Advantages of Goat Farming:
- The goats can survive in any type of climatic conditions and also goats can survive in heat, cold, dust, and also from any sharp change.
- This is a goat breed which is common in every part of the world. These are also capable of giving birth twice in a year.
- These goats can walk very well on the rugged earth, so we need not to worry about staying in hilly areas.
- These goats are meant as strong animals, as they often do not fall sick. We don’t need to spend too much of money on keeping the goats fit and health.
- For children, goat’s milk is the best food as they will not be affected by germs so easily like others.
- If there is no better arrangement of food for the goats, then they can be survived by eating the leaves from the common plants.
Disadvantages of Goat Farming;
- Goats are always exposed to risks like leopard, tiger, other animals, etc. In herds, goats are often attacked by the animals and they will be killed by the other wild beasts. Keeping them in one place is better
- As they eat simple stuff like leaves from the plants or trees. But they need them in large amount as their food. If we have a herd of 100 goats then we need to purchase a truckload of leaves from the trees or plants. The arrangement of the food will be difficult sometimes.
- The thieves risk is more to the goats; they will be stolen in midnights by thieves from breaking the farm.
- They are considered as risk part of the agriculture. If a farmer is managing both the goat farm and the agriculture they need to protect the crop from the goats.
- They are restless animals they never take rest they will always be scattered, so this will also lead to major losses in the herd.
- The toughest task is to take them out for the grazing.
Essential Tips for Goat Farming Beginners:
- The contaminated food feeding should be avoided.
- As like polluted water is harmful for the human beings the goats polluted water is also harmful for the goats.
- While housing them the does, bucks and kids should be kept separately.
- One should always have a good relationship with the goats.
- Mating of same busk with many does should be avoided.
- For a few weeks, the kids that are born should be kept with their mothers.
- For improving the breed of the goats, we need to use the artificial inseminations. In commercial goat farming, artificial insemination is most preferred.
- To ensure the good health of the goats as per the schedule timely vaccinations should be given.
- The necessary medicines and vaccines should always be kept in a stock.