African Pygmy Goat Profile and Farming

African Pygmy goat kid.
African Pygmy goat kid.

African Pygmy Goat Profile:

Introduction to African Pygmy Goat

African pygmy goats are the best miniature dairy (milk) goats in the world. Basically, this goat breed is originated from the Cameroon Valley of West Africa. Later, they spread to many other countries. African pygmy goats are raised for their milk. They are considered as good goat pets as well. The production of milk is excellent in these goat breeds when compared to their body size. If you want to have small sized goats for milk purpose, this would be your goat breed. You can expect milk of 2 kg (4 lb’s) per day from a female (doe) African pygmy goat during lactation. Like other goats, you can raise these wonderful goats for meat purpose as well. These goats are social and friendly with people hence it works out very well to raise at home as pet goat. You can obtain super profits through proper goat care and management. However, to be a profitable goat farmer, you should dedicate your time and hard work. Let us talk more about African pygmy goats physical attributes, feeding, breeding, and advantages in upcoming sections of this content. Just like in any other goat farming, male African pygmy goats are called as “Bucks” and females are called as “Does”. Pygmy goats cost about $75 to $300, depending on age, gender and temperament.

Benefits and Advantages of African Pygmy Goat Farming

  • Though these are good milk production goats, they can also be reared for meat.
  • Pygmy Goat farming is to set up and maintain.
  • Pygmy goats have more than 1 reproduction cycle in a year.
  • These goats can deliver up to 4 kids in a single birth.
  • Pygmy goats are friendly goats can be raised with other goats.
  • Pygmy goats are hardy and rarely gets diseases.
  • pygmy goats are wonderful pet goats.
  • These goats don’t require heavy infrastructure.
  • Pygmy goats easily fit into stall-fed/intensive goat rearing.
  • Investment in goat farming is less than dairy farming and poultry farming business.
  • Pygmy goat farming creates employment and supports financially weaker sections.
  • Kids in the house can enjoy with these goats.
  • Goat farming is the best option for small margin landowners and who live in drought-prone areas.
  • Goats reproduction rate is high, you can see an increase of herd within a couple of years.
  • Unlike other large animals, male and female goats are valued as same market price.
  • Goat milk is better than cow milk and easily digestible.
  • Apart from milk and meat, goat manure can be used in your garden as organic compost. 

Characteristics of African Pygmy Goat

African Pygmy Goat (Pic source wikimedia commons).
African Pygmy Goat (Pic source wikimedia commons).
  • Matured Adult Male African Pygmy Goat (Buck) Weight: 28 to 40 kg.
  • Matured Adult Female African Pygmy Goat (Does) Weight: 24 to 35 kg.
  • Matured Adult African Pygmy Goat Height: 41 to 59 centimeters.
  • African Pygmy Goat Coat Color: White caramel, Dark caramel, Red caramel, Light-grey, Medium-grey, and Dark-grey.

African Pygmy Goat Facts

  • African pygmy goats have been raised as domesticated goats for thousands of years now.
  • African pygmy goats resemble Nigerian dwarf goats.
  • African pygmy goats produce a good amount of milk when compared to their body size.
  • African pygmy goats start lactation from 180 days to 300 days.
  • African pygmy female goats have short and straight horns.
  • They only drink fresh and clean water.
  • They jump around and very playful with people.
  • They can survive in areas where less food is available.

Housing for African Pygmy Goat

When it comes to shelter, like any other goats Pygmy goats require a safe and secured shelter built on an elevated area. They are very sensitive to rain and cold winters. Protect them from any external predators by building a good house with a strong fence around it. You can build raised wooden platforms within the house, allocate good space for easy movement within the house. You can use cement floor in the house covered with some material like dry hay or paddy husk. Cooler and heaters can be arranged in the house depending on climate and season. Clean and disinfect the house frequently. The goat house should have good cross-ventilation and airflow. Keep the house clean and dry. Wash all the milking equipment from preventing contamination.

Feed Management for African Pygmy Goat

  • For healthy growth of the goats, supplement the regular diet with minerals and vitamins.
  • Pygmy goats can eat all types feeds like vegetables, leaves, and fruits.
  • Green legumes, alfalfa cubes, dry hay are also good to feed them.
  • Remove any poisonous plants from the garden, do not allow them to eat houseplants such as onions, bulb plants, rhododendrons and oleander plants.
  • Provide nutritious feed for better milk production.
  • Stick to the feeding schedule, don’t allow goats to feed on each other plates.
  • Avoid any feed contamination. Provide clean and fresh drinking water.
  • Clean all the feeding equipment once in a while.

Temperament of African Pygmy Goats

  • African pygmy goats are very intelligent and docile in nature. They can be raised as pets due to their friendly nature.

Breeding in African Pygmy Goat Farming

  • Reproduction cycle: More than once in a year.
  • The gestation period of African Pygmy goat: Is around 150 to 152 days.
  • The kidding rate in African Pygmy goats: up to 4 in single birth (for every 10 to 12 months).
  • Female African Pygmy goats maturity: Generally, they become ready for breeding with 14 to 18 weeks of their age.
  • What is the breeding time for African Pygmy goats: No specific breeding time.
  • African Pygmy goat lifespan: They can survive for 10 to 12 years.
  • Breeding male and female goats should be provided additional nutritious feed.
  • Proper care should be taken in pregnant African Pygmy goats.
  • Newborn goat kids should be provided with colostrum for 5 to 6 days.

Goat Farming Tips

  • Goats should be checked periodically for any abnormal behavior
  • Your veterinary professional is the best source for any control measures.
  • Required vaccinations should be carried out in African pygmy goats.
  • Purchase only from certified breeders of pygmy goats.
  • Sick goats should be isolated from the herd until it gets treated.
  • While selecting a breed, take veterinary doctor help.
  • Don’t mix the goats at least for 20 days with existing herd.

Read more about Pygmy Goat Care.

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